Click here to download

What is a Jungian analyst dreaming when myth come to mind? Thirdness as an aspect of the anima media natura
Author/s: August J. Cwik 
Year:  2016 Issue: 44 Language: Italian 
Pages:  22 Pg. 68-89 FullText PDF:  411 KB
DOI:  10.3280/JUN2016-044006
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

Listening analytically is not listening just to what is said but listening to what is just below the surface waiting to be said. This paper looks at Jung’s insight into a ‘third thing’ being created intra-psychically and within the analytic encounter. Ogden’s concept of an "analytic third" is used to describe the clinical aspects of this thirdness. This paper explores: how the state of thirdness is created and accessed through use of reverie and associative dreaming; how the material emerging from it is used in a from or about manner; and the eventual fate of the third in a successful analysis by a re-examination of plates four and ten of the Rosarium. The focus is particularly on the awareness and possible meanings of mythological motifs appearing in the mind of the analyst while in session. Thirdness can be viewed as the interpersonal aspect of the anima media natura and functions in a way that informs us of permeability in and between individuals, while the operation of the anima mundi means that there is always an inseparability of the individual with the world.
Keywords: Active imagination, analytic mindfulness, analytic third, anima mundi, associative dreaming, rêverie, surrender.

  1. Baranger M. (1993). The mind of the analyst: from listening to interpretation. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 74: 15-24.
  2. Benjamin J. (2004). Beyond doer and being done to: an intersubjective view of thirdness. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 73, 1: 5-46. DOI 10.1102/j.2167-4086.2004/tb00015.x.
  3. Benjamin J. (2005). From many into one: attention, energy, and the containing of multitudes. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 15: 185-201.
  4. Bion W.R. (1962). A theory of thinking. In: Second Thoughts. New York: Karnac Books (trad. it. Riflettendoci meglio. Roma: Astrolabio, 2016).
  5. Bollas C. (1992). Being a Character. New York: Hill & Wang (trad. it. Essere un carattere. Roma: Borla, 1995).
  6. Cambray J. (2001). Enactments and amplification. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 46: 275-303. DOI 10.1111/1465-5922.00237.
  7. Cambray J. (2006). Towards the feeling of emergence. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 51: 1-20. DOI 10.1111/j.0021-8774.2006.00569.x.
  8. Campbell J. (2007). The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Novato, CA: New World Library (trad. it. L’eroe dai mille volti. Parma: Guanda, 2007).
  9. Colman W. (2007). Symbolic conceptions: the Idea of the third. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 52: 565-583. DOI 10.1111/j.1468-5922.2007.00685.x
  10. Cwik A. (1995). Active imagination: synthesis in analysis. In: Jungian Analysis. Chicago: Open Court.
  11. Cwik A. (2006a). Rosarium revisited. Spring, 74: 189-232.
  12. Cwik A. (2006b). The art of the tincture: analytical supervision. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 51, 209-225. DOI 10.1111/j.0021-8774.2006.00584.x
  13. Cwik A. (2011). Associative dreaming: reverie and active imagination. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 56: 14-36. DOI 10.1111/j.1468-5922.2010.01888.x
  14. De Barry W.T., Bloom I. (eds.) (1999). Sources of Chinese Tradition. Vol. 1: From Earliest Times to 1600. New York: Columbia University Press.
  15. Doi T. (1989). The concept of amae and its psychoanalytic implications. International Review of Psycho-analysis, 16, 3: 349-354.
  16. Edinger E.F. (1994). The Mystery of the Coniunctio: Alchemical Image of Individuation. Toronto: Inner City.
  17. Fordham M. (1957/1996). Notes on transference. In: Shamdasani S., ed., Analyst-Patient Interaction: Collected Papers on Technique. London: Routledge.
  18. Gerson S. (2004). The relational unconscious: a core element of intersubjectivity, thirdness, and clinical process. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 73, 1: 63-98. DOI 10.1002/j.2167.4086.2004.tb000153.x.
  19. Ghent E. (1989). Credo: the dialectics of one-person and two-person psychologies. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 25: 169-211. DOI 10.1080/00107530.1988.10746289.
  20. Ghent E. (1990). Masochism, submission, surrender: masochism as a perversion of surrender. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 26, 1: 108-136. DOI 10.1080/00107530.1990.10746643.
  21. Graves R. (1955). The Greek Myths: Volume One. New York: Braziller (trad. it. I miti greci. Milano: Longanesi, 1979).
  22. Green A. (2004). Thirdness and psychoanalytic concepts. Psychoanalyitic Quarterly, 73, 1: 99-135. DOI 10.1002/j.2167-4086.2004.tb000154.x.
  23. Hillman J. (1982). Anima Mundi: The Return of the Soul to the World. New Orleans: Spring (trad. it. L’anima del mondo e il pensiero del cuore. Milano: Garzanti, 1993).
  24. Jacoby M. (1984). The Analytic Encounter: Transference and Human Relationship. Toronto: Inner City.
  25. Jung C.G. (1916). Die transzendente Funktion (trad. it. La funzione trascendente. In: Opere, vol. 8. Torino: Boringhieri, 1976).
  26. Jung C.G. (1931). Die Probleme der modernen Psychotherapie (trad. it. I problemi della psicoterapia moderna. In: Opere, vol. 16. Torino: Boringhieri, 1981).
  27. Jung C.G. (1946). Die Psychologie der Übertragung (trad. it. La psicologia della traslazione. In: Opere, vol. 16. Torino: Boringhieri, 1981).
  28. Jung C.G. (1953). Psychologie und Alchemie (trad. it. Psicologia e alchimia. In: Opere, vol. 12. Torino: Boringhieri, 1981).
  29. Jung C.G. (1997). Briefe, 1906-1945. vol. 1. Princeton: Princeton University Press (trad. it. Lettere, 1906-1945. Roma: Magi, 2006).
  30. Kohut H. (1977). The Restoration of the Self. New York: International University Press (trad. it. La guarigione del Sé. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 2009).
  31. Kalsched D. (1996). The Inner World of Trauma: Archetypal Defences of the Human Spirit. London: Routledge (trad. it. Il mondo interiore del trauma. Bergamo: Moretti & Vitali, 2001).
  32. Kieffer C. (2007). Emergence and the analytic third: working at the edge of chaos. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 17, 5: 683-703. DOI 10.1080/10481880701632467.
  33. Newman K. (1981). The riddle of the vas bene clausum. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 26: 229-241. DOI 10.1111/j.1465-5922.1981.00229.x.
  34. Ogden T. (1997). Reverie and metaphor: some thoughts on how I work as a psychoanalyst. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 78: 719-732.
  35. Ogden T. (1999). The analytic third: an overview. Fort da, 5, 1.
  36. Ogden T. (2007). This Art of Psychoanalysis: Dreaming Undreamt Dreams and Interrupted Cries. London: Routledge (trad. it. L’arte della psicoanalisi: sognare sogni non sognati. Milano: R. Cortina, 2008).
  37. Samuels A. (1985). Symbolic dimensions of eros in transference-countertransference: some clinical uses of Jung’s alchemical metaphor. International Review of PsychoAnalysis, 12, 2: 199-214.
  38. Schaverien J. (2007). Countertransference as active imagination: imaginative experiences of the analyst. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 52: 413-431. DOI 10.1111/j.1468-5922.2007.00674.x
  39. Schwartz-Salant N. (1995). On the interactive field as the analytic object. In: Schwartz-Salant N., Stein M., eds. The Interactive Field in Analysis. Wilmette: Chiron.
  40. Schwartz-Salant N. (1998). The Mystery of Human Relationship: Alchemy and the Transformation of the Self. London: Routledge (trad. it. La relazione. Milano: La Biblioteca di Vivarium, 2002).
  41. Stark M. (2006). Relentless Hope: The Refusal to Grieve. International Psychotherapy Institute: e-Book 2015.
  42. Ulanov A. (2007). The third in the shadow of the fourth. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 52: 585-605. DOI 10.1111/j.1468-5922.2007.00687.x
  43. Van Eenwyk J. (1997). Archetypes & Strange Attractors: The Chaotic World of Symbols. Toronto: Inner City.
  44. Vassanyi M. (2007). Anima Mundi: The Rise of the World Soul Theory in German Enlightenment and Early Romanticism, Examined in the Perspective of the Relation of the Finite with the Infinite. New York: Springer.
  45. Wiener J. (2009). The Therapeutic Relationship: Transference, Countertransference and the Making of Meaning. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.

August J. Cwik, What is a Jungian analyst dreaming when myth come to mind? Thirdness as an aspect of the anima media natura in "STUDI JUNGHIANI" 44/2016, pp. 68-89, DOI:10.3280/JUN2016-044006


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content