The article contributes to studies about systems of social control during Fascism. It examines provincial police sources, files and archives relating to the surveillance of "dangerous people" and social dissent. By focusing on a local case study, the Southern Tuscan province of Grosseto, and confronting it with the regime’s central institutions, the article reveals the existence of a large quantity of registers, records, files and directories in which the number of personal files far exceeds that of the largest and most well-known archive, the Casellario politico centrale. From this emerges a much more complex picture of the regime’s control over society - not only over political and militant forms of opposition - and the existence of a multiplicity of actors involved. The article highlights the different forms and methods used by the Fascist regime to police communities in various specific local contexts.
Keywords: Police, Fascist Regime, Archives