Clicca qui per scaricare

Scientific and not Scientistic: the Rich Realism of Pragmatism
Titolo Rivista: RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA 
Autori/Curatori: Giovanni Maddalena 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2017 Fascicolo: Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  14 P. 401-414 Dimensione file:  16295 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SF2017-003003
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


In the late years, contemporary philosophy turned towards different forms of realism. Classic pragmatism becomes important again because it can grant a realism respectful of both science and common sense. However, the meaning of realism in a pragmatist perspective is not always clear. A fashionable transcendental reading of pragmatism often reduces it to a chapter of the rationalist project that goes from Kant to analytic philosophy or to a plausible amendment of the latter. Eventually, pragmatist defense of science becomes a cultural support of a neo-scientist version of science. This interpretation loses the originality of pragmatism and its revolutionary look at the contemporary enterprise of thought. The paper shows that classic pragmatists proposed a very peculiar kind of realism that is completely at odd with any sort of scientism as much as it is in favor of the real process of scientific inquiry. The paper clarifies the distance between pragmatism and scientism (I), the kind of realism advocated by classic pragmatists - in particular by Peirce - (II), and a different view of science that follows this realism (III).


Keywords: Realism, science, scientism, Peirce, analysis, synthesis.

  1. Brandom 2011: Robert Brandom, Perspectives on Pragmatism, Harvard University Press, Cambridge (Mass.) 2011.
  2. Brown 2012: Matthew J. Brown, John Dewey’s Logic of Science, «The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science», 2 (2012), 2, pp. 258-306.
  3. Calcaterra, Maddalena, Marchetti 2015: Rosa M. Calcaterra, Giovanni Maddalena, Giancarlo Marchetti (a cura di), Il pragmatismo. Dalle origini agli sviluppi contemporanei, Carocci, Roma, 2015.
  4. Cézanne 1997: Paul Cézanne, Lettere, SE, Milano. Trad. di Elena Pontiggia sull’edizione francese curata da John Rewald: P. Cézanne, Correspondance, Éditions Grasset, Paris 1937.
  5. Colapietro 2016: Vincent Colapietro, Gestures, Historical and Incomplete, Critical yet Friendly, in Symposium on Giovanni Maddalena’s The Philosophy of Gestures, «European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy», 8 (2016), 1, pp. 157-176.
  6. Davaney, Frisina 2006: Sheila G. Davaney, Warren Frisina (eds), The Pragmatic Century. Conversations with R. J. Bernstein, State University of New York Press, Albany 2006.
  7. Dewey MW followed by volume and page number: John Dewey, The Collected Works of John Dewey. The Middle Works, 1899-1924, 15 vols., Jo Ann Boydston (ed.), Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale 1976-1983.
  8. Eco 1997: Umberto Eco, Kant e l’orinorinco, Bompiani, Milano 1997.
  9. Ferraris 2012: Maurizio Ferraris, Manifesto del nuovo realismo, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2012.
  10. Gava, Stern 2016: Gabriele Gava, Robert Stern, Pragmatism, Kant, and Transcendental Philosophy, Routledge, London and New York 2016.
  11. Girel 2015: Mathias Girel, From Doubt to its Social Articulation: Pragmatist Insights, «European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy», 5 (2015), 2, pp. 6-23.
  12. Haack 2009: Susan Haack, Evidence and Inquiry, Prometheus Books, Amherst (NY) 2009.
  13. James 1907a: William James, Pragmatism. A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking, Longmans Green and Co., New York 1907.
  14. James 1907b: Id., The Meaning of Truth, Longmans Green and Co., New York 1907.
  15. Longo 2016: Giuseppe Longo, Le conseguenze della filosofia, in Roberta Lanfredini (a cura di), A Plea for Balance in Philosophy, ETS, Pisa 2016.
  16. Maddalena 2009: Giovanni Maddalena, Metafisica per assurdo, Rubbettino, Soveria Mannelli 2009.
  17. Maddalena 2015: Id., The Philosophy of Gesture, McGill Queen’s University Press, Montreal 2015.
  18. Margolis 2010: Joseph Margolis, Pragmatism’s Advantage, Stanford University Press, Stanford 2010.
  19. Mead 1917: George Herbert Mead, Scientific Method and the Individual Thinker, in John Dewey et al. (eds.), Creative Intelligence: Essays in the Pragmatic Attitude, Henry Holt and Co., New York, pp. 176-227.
  20. Mead 1923: Id., Scientific Method and the Moral Sciences, «International Journal of Ethics», 33 (1923), 3, pp. 229-247.
  21. Misak 2016: Cheryl Misak, The Subterranean Influence of Pragmatism on the Vienna Circle: Peirce, Ramsey, Wittgenstein, «Journal for the History of Analytic Philosophy», 4 (2016), 5, pp. 1-15.
  22. Peirce CP followed by volume and paragraph number: Charles Sanders Peirce, Collected Papers, vols. I-VI, Paul Weiss, Charles Hartshorne (eds.), Harvard University Press, Cambridge (MA) 1931-1935; vols. VII-VIII, Arthur W. Burks (ed.), Harvard University Press, Cambridge (MA) 1958.
  23. Peirce EP followed by volume and page number: Id., The Essential Peirce, vol. 1, Nathan Houser and Christian Kloesel (eds.); vol. 2, The Peirce Edition Project (ed.), Indiana University Press, Bloomington and Indianapolis 1992-1998.
  24. Pihlström 2010: Sami Pihlström, Kant and Pragmatism, «Pragmatism Today», 1 (2010), 2, pp. 50-62.
  25. Putnam 1992: Hillary Putnam, Il pragmatismo. Una questione aperta, Laterza, Roma-Bari 1992.
  26. Putnam 2010: Id., Reflections on Pragmatism, in John R. Shook, Paul Kurtz (eds), Dewey’s Enduring Impact, Prometheus Books, Amherst 2010.
  27. Robin 1967: Richard S. Robin (ed.), Annotated Catalogue of the Papers of Charles S. Peirce, The University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst 1967. [MS] refers to The Charles S. Peirce Papers, microfilm edition, Harvard University Library, Photographic Service, Cambridge 1966. An entry [MS xyz] refers to manuscript number xyz in Robin 1967.
  28. Zalamea 2008: Fernando Zalamea, Filosofia sintetica de las matematicas contemporaneas, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotà 2008.

Giovanni Maddalena, in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 3/2017, pp. 401-414, DOI:10.3280/SF2017-003003

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche