The article examines the agreement of 31 July 2015 of the Gruppo Ferrovie dello Stato, submitted to the suitability assessment of the Commissione di garanzia provided by Law no. 146/1990. Such an agreement, in the face of a continuing high level of conflict in the emblematic railway service, proposes the extension of the heteronomous intervention to the subjects legitimated to exercise the right to strike, by envisaging their selection according to criteria of representativeness. First, the author notes that the agreement, in confirming the peculiarities of the conflict in the service sector, also expresses the need for a redefinition of the fundamental dynamics of the trade union phenomenon coherently with similar more general trends in our country. Secondly, he points out that the Commissione di garanzia, with an improper resolution of formal acknowledgment but essentially of assessing suitability (no. 16/373) - leaving the nature and effects of the agreement unchanged - places the legal ownership of the right to strike (undoubtedly the core of the innovative agreement) at a collective level and at the same time gives a signal, if not makes an invitation, that a statutory intervention is needed in this matter. Expecting this intervention, however, the author finally observes that the obsolete issue of the so-called spontaneous strike can still find a de iure condito solution.
Keywords: Service sector conflict; Trade union relations; Strike entitlement; Representativeness; Commissione di garanzia; Essential suitability; Collective legal ownership of the right to strike; Statutory intervention; Spontaneous strike.