The importance of proper nutrition in primary and secondary cardiovascular prevention is now clear. Many studies have shown that a proper lifestyle, along with nutrition supplemented by moderate physical activity, contributes to maintaining the body mass index within the limits of the standard weight. In this scenario, the integrative cardiology aims to approach the patient holistically by integrating medical and nutritional practice. For these reasons, nutrition can be considered an essential starting point for maintaining cardiovascular health; Which can substantially alter the risk profile of a subject.
Keywords: Nutrition, prevention, dietary fiber, polyphenols, polyunsaturated fatty acids, primary care, secondary care, healthy lifestyle, physical activity, mediterranean diet.