The core scientific claims of psychoanalysis are summarized, and synthetic answers are given to the following three questions: (a) How does the emotional mind work, in health and disease? (b) What does psychoanalytic treatment aim to achieve? (c) How effective is it? While there are disagreements regarding specific details, there is a general agreement on some core claims of psychoanalysis. These core claims enjoy strong empirical support and are "evidence-based". Psychoanalytic treatment is highly effective, often superior to cognitive-behavior therapy and to medication.
Keywords: Psychoanalysis and scientific research; Neurobiology; Mental functioning; Theory of psychoanalytic therapy; Efficacy of psychodynamic therapy