Bullying phenomenon has always happened at schools through the whole world, and it involves thousands of victims every year. Already in 90s its possible psycho-physical consequences for the victims have been studied. Recently, the phenomenon has assumed a new shape: the cyberbullying. Although being differently named, cyberbullying is dynamically similar to bullying: It is still aimed to oppress a person which is considered weaker, but now bullying is favoured by the high diffusion of technologies which magnify its effects and reduce the empathic response of the bully thanks to the distance created by the instrument. The objective of this review is to analyse the suffering of the bullying/cyberbullying victim especially with respect to the psycho-physical effects. The results of research regarding the psycho-physical consequences for the bullying and cyberbullying victims will be discussed by also presenting international evidence-based interventions.
Keywords: Bullying, cyberbullying, suffering of victims, evidence-based intervention, empathy
Serena Dimitri, Sofia Pedroni, Elisa Donghi, Over the victim’s suffering: Throughout bullying, cyberbullying and intervention proposals in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 1/2018, pp. 31-45, DOI:10.3280/MAL2018-001003