This essay examines, for the period 1849-1879, the martyrology of the Roman Republic of 1849 and the public use of the human remains of the volunteers who fought for its defence. In particular this essay traces the most significant moments in the memorial construction of a Pantheon of the Democrats, following the contributes of Bertani who was first involved in embalming and hiding the corpses of Manara, Dandolo, Morosini and Mameli; then in the inventory of the dead and wounded; finally in the translation of Mameli’s remains in 1872, after Rome became capital of Italy. Garibaldi also contributed to the preservation of memory of the Republican defenders, both writing and supporting the first building of an ossuary next to the church of S. Pietro in Montorio, helped by his son Menotti and by veterans’ associations. This building, dutiful tribute to the memory of the fallen, was made possible by the new political context, but it showed the hard recomposition of the memory of the vanquished, between official attempts of rapprochement and oppositions within the wide world of the Left.
Keywords: Roman Republic, Agostino Bertani, Goffredo Mameli Silvia Cavicchioli Università degli Studi di Torino firstname.lastname@example.org