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Dove sono le evidenze della terapia "basata sulle evidenze"?
Titolo Rivista: PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE 
Autori/Curatori: Jonathan Shedler 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2018 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  16 P. 383-398 Dimensione file:  204 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PU2018-003003
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


La dicitura "terapia basata sulle evidenze" è diventata di fatto una espressione in codice per alludere a un tipo di terapia cognitivo-comportamentale prescrittiva e quasi sempre breve. Da più parti si proclama che le terapie "basate sulle evidenze" (evidence-based) sono scientificamente validate e superiori a tutte le altre psicoterapie. Però la ricerca empirica dimostra il contrario, e cioè che le terapie "basate sulle evidenze" sono poco efficaci, i loro effetti sono minimi, pochi pazienti migliorano, e durano poco anche i minimi effetti che a volte si ottengono. Spesso le ricerche vengono condotte in modo non rigoroso, così che emerge un quadro fuorviante dei risultati delle terapie "basate sulle evidenze": a volte mancano gruppi di controllo appropriati, i campioni sono costituiti da pazienti selezionati e non adeguatamente randomizzati, e vengono nascosti i risultati negativi.


Keywords: Terapia basata sulle evidenze; Trattamenti supportati empiricamente (EST); Ricerca sul risultato della psicoterapia; Terapia cognitivo-comportamentale (CBT); Terapia psicodinamica

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Jonathan Shedler, in "PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE" 3/2018, pp. 383-398, DOI:10.3280/PU2018-003003

   

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