Clicca qui per scaricare

When obtaining support is important. The relationship between optimism, disclosure, and perceived peer support in a sample of young women
Autori/Curatori: Conrad Baldner, Clara Amato, Daniela Di Santo 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2018 Fascicolo: Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  16 P. 115-130 Dimensione file:  226 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2018-003006
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 

Previous research has shown a positive association between optimism and perceived so-cial support. In this research the authors sought to uncover conditions and mechanisms that could influence this relationship; the authors were specifically interested in how these issues affect peer support in university-age women, for whom it is particularly important. The au-thors made three principal findings: (1) that perceived peer support is high when optimism towards peer support is high; perceived peer support is lowest when the value placed on negative events is high but optimism is low; (2) that participants’ tendencies to disclose their troubles could also be explained by the above pattern; and (3) that disclosure mediated the association between the perceived peer support with the interaction between optimism and value. Taken generally, disclosure can be explained by the independent and interdependent effects of optimism and value, which in turn can explain when peer support is perceived.

Ricerche precedenti hanno mostrato un’associazione positiva tra ottimismo e supporto sociale percepito. Nella presente ricerca, gli autori hanno indagato le condizioni e i meccanismi che possono influire su questa relazione; in particolare, gli autori erano interessati a comprendere come questi aspetti possano influenzare il supporto dei pari nel caso di donne in età universitaria, per le quali quest’ultimo risulta essere particolarmente importante. Saranno discussi i tre risultati principali: (1) il supporto percepito dei pari è alto quando l’ottimismo verso il support dei pari è alto; il supporto percepito è più basso quando il valore attribuito agli eventi negativi è alto ma l’ottimismo è basso; (2) la tendenza dei partecipanti a parlare dei propri problemi (disclosure) potrebbe anche essere spiegata dal pattern descritto; e (3) la disclosure ha mediato l’associazione tra il supporto percepito dai pari e l’interazione tra l’ottimismo e il valore attribuito agli eventi negativi. In generale, la disclosure può essere spiegata dagli effetti indipendenti e interdipendenti dell’ottimismo e il valore attribuito agli eventi negativi, che a loro volta possono spiegare quando il supporto dei pari viene percepito.
Keywords: Ottimismo, disclosure, supporto percepito dei pari.

  1. Scheier M. and Carver C. (1985). Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychology, 4 (3): 219-247.
  2. Abramson L.Y., Alloy L.B. and Metalsky G.I. (1995). Hopelessness depression. In: Buchanan G.M. and Seligman M.E.P., editors, Explanatory style. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 113-134.
  3. Armsden G.C. and Greenberg M.T. (1987). The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 16 (5): 427-454., DOI: 10.1007/BF02202939
  4. Bosacki S., Dane A., Marini Z. and YLC-CURA. (2007). Peer relationships and internalizing problems in adolescents: Mediating role of self-esteem. Emotional & Behavioural Difficulties, 12 (4): 261-282., DOI: 10.1080/13632750701664293
  5. Brand C., Barry L. and Gallagher S. (2016). Social support mediates the association between benefit finding and quality of life in caregivers. Journal of Health Psychology, 21 (6): 1126-1136., DOI: 10.1177/1359105314547244
  6. de Kemp R.A.T., Overbeek G., de Wied M., Engels R.C.M.E. and Scholte R.H.J. (2007). Early adolescent empathy, parental support, and antisocial behavior. The Journal of Genetic Psychology: Research and Theory on Human Development, 168 (1): 5-18., DOI: 10.3200/GNTP.168.1.5-18
  7. Gidugu V., Rogers E.S., Harrington S., Maru M., Johnson G., Cohee J. and Hinkel J. (2015). Individual peer support: a qualitative study of mechanisms of its effectiveness. Community Mental Health Journal, 51 (4): 445-452.
  8. Hankin B.L. and Abramson L.Y. (2001). Development of gender differences in depression: An elaborated cognitive vulnerability–transactional stress theory. Psychological Bulletin, 127 (6): 773-796., DOI: 10.1037//0033-2909.127.6.773
  9. Hayes A.F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York: Guilford Press.
  10. Indelicato L., Salvotelli L., Perrone F., Stoico V. and Santi L. (2017). Depressione, supporto sociale e stato di salute percepita in soggetti con piede diabetico. [Depression, social support and quality of life in patients with diabetic foot]. Psicologia della Salute, 3 (3): 135-148., DOI: 10.3280/PDS2017-003007
  11. Kahn J.H. and Hessling R.M. (2001). Measuring the tendency to conceal versus disclose psychological distress. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 20 (1): 41-65.
  12. Karademas E.C. (2006). Self-efficacy, social support and well-being. The mediating role of optimism. Personality and Individual Differences, 40 (6): 1281-1290.
  13. Kruglanski A.W., Baldner C., Chernikova M., Lo Destro C. and Pierro A. (2018). A new perspective on the attitude-behavior relation: The essential function of goals. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 49(1): 31-39.
  14. Kruglanski A.W., Jasko K., Chernikova M., Milyavsky M., Babush M., Baldner C. and Pierro A. (2015). The rocky road from attitudes to behaviors: charting the goal systemic course of actions. Psychological Review, 122 (4): 598-620.
  15. Lippold T. and Burns J. (2009). Social support and intellectual disabilities: A comparison between social networks of adults with intellectual disability and those with physical disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 53 (5): 463-473.
  16. Liu C. and Bates T.C. (2014). The structure of attributional style: Cognitive styles and optimism–pessimism bias in the Attributional Style Questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 66: 79-85.
  17. Niyonsenga T., Blackson T.C., De La Rosa M., Rojas P., Dillon F. and Ganapati E.N. (2012). Social support, attachment, and chronic stress as correlates of Latina mother and daughter drug use behaviors. The American Journal on Addictions, 21 (2): 157-167.
  18. Papafratzeskakou E., Kim J., Longo G.S. and Riser D.K. (2011). Peer victimization and depressive symptoms: Role of peer and parent–child relationship. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 20 (7): 784-799., DOI: 10.1080/10926771.2011.608220
  19. Pears K.C., Kim H.K. and Leve L.D. (2012). Girls in foster care: Risk and promotive factors for school adjustment acros the transition to middle school. Children and Youth Services Review, 34 (1): 234-243.
  20. Peterson C., Semmel A., von Baeyer C., Abramson L.Y., Metalsky G.I. and Seligman M.E. (1982). The Attributional Style Questionnaire. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 6: 287-300., DOI: 10.1007/BF01173577
  21. Ryan R. and Lynch J. (1989). Emotional autonomy versus detachment: Revisiting the vicissitudes of adolescence and young adulthood. Child Development, 60: 340-356., DOI: 10.2307/1130981
  22. Scheier M.F., Carver C.S. and Bridges M.W. (1994). Distinguishing Optimism From Neuroticism (and Trait Anxiety, Self-Mastery, and Self-Esteem): A Reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67 (6): 1063-1078., DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.67.6.1063
  23. Sias P. (2009). Social ostracism, cliques, and outcasts. In: Lutgen-Sandvik P. and Sypher B. D., editors, Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing. New York, NY: Routledge, pp. 145-163.
  24. Snyder C.R., Irving L.M. and Anderson J.R. (1991). Hope and health. In: Snyder C.R. and Forsyth D.R., editors, Pergamon general psychologyseries, Vol. 162. Handbook of social and clinicalpsychology: The healthperspective. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press, pp. 285-305.
  25. Stewart M., Simich L., Shizha E., Makumbe K. and Makwarimba E. (2012). Supporting African refugees in Canada: Insights from a support intervention. Health & Social Care in the Community, 20 (5): 516-527.
  26. Vaughan C.A., Foshee V.A. and Ennett S.T. (2010). Protective effects of maternal and peer support on depressive symptoms during adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38 (2): 261-272.
  27. Zambianchi M. e Ricci B.P.E. (2013). Il ruolo del supportosociale, del genere e della scolarità nel benessere sociale in età anziana. [The role of social support, gender, and level of education on social well-being in old age]. Psicologia della Salute, 1 (1): 111-123., DOI: 10.3280/PDS2013-001006
  28. Zhou H., Li Y., Zhang B. and Zeng M. (2012). The relationship between narcissism and friendship qualities in adolescents: Gender as a moderator. Sex Roles, 67 (7-8): 452-462.

  1. Daniela Di Santo, Conrad Baldner, Antonio Aiello, Arie W. Kruglanski, Antonio Pierro, The hopeful dimension of locomotion orientation: Implications for psychological well-being in The Journal of Social Psychology /2020 pp. 1, DOI: 10.1080/00224545.2020.1803786

Conrad Baldner, Clara Amato, Daniela Di Santo, Quando ottenere sostegno è importante. La relazione tra ottimismo, "disclosure" e supporto percepito dei pari in un campione di giovani donne in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 3/2018, pp. 115-130, DOI:10.3280/PDS2018-003006


FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche