I have tried to propose some reasoning that would, starting from chronicity in mental illness, lead me to reflect on it and on the immobility of the operators with their own professions and on the chronicity of the organizations. The experiences of the sick and their relatives are amplified in negative sense, in so far as places of elaboration and containment of emotional aspects are missing. Only a few interventions go into this direction but much remains to be done. The Public Service can take over the government of these processes only if it accepts that the social context has changed. The Public Service has to become an activator with the local communities of resources to be exploited. The community can respond collaboratively if it’s recognized the necessity of an external guide, and it has to be supported with various tools, mass media included.
Keywords: Chronicity, places of elaboration, organization, local community, Public Service.