"It was often worse for those who arrived first", and Italians were among the first immigrants to move to Norway in the 50’s. The causes that prompted Italians to move to this remote part of Europe stood out and differed from migration of Italians directed towards other European countries in the same period. Migration flows were channeled along routes that were often united by a long common histo-ry: the circular mobility of ancien régime. Despite the fact that the number of Ital-ians immigrants never was to become very large, they nevertheless constituted the largest group among the southern European residents in Norway. The Norwegians on their part were not used to these new foreigners and the distrust between the two groups was not slow to make itself felt, and in the 60s some anti-Italian prejudices were widespread. In this period there was in fact, to use the words of the Norwe-gian newspapers, a real "rasediskriminering", that is "racial discrimination" against Italian immigrants.
Keywords: Immigration, Norway, discrimination, legislation.