Click here to download

When things go well: terminable or interminable analysis? Interruptions and endings in psychoanalysis
Journal Title: RICERCA PSICOANALITICA 
Author/s: Fabio Rapisarda 
Year:  2018 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  19 Pg. 69-87 FullText PDF:  220 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RPR2018-003006
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


The criteria for deciding the conclusion of an analytical treatment had been already discussed by Freud (1937) in Analysis terminable and interminable. In the intervening years as theoretical assumptions changed and with the new acquisitions in the area of infant research that puts the interaction of caregiver and child at the basis of a co-construction of the child’s personality, we were forced to rethink the question. This can be very helpful for a psychotherapist especially when analysis is interrupted. In fact, even if the experience of aborted treatments can make the analyst reflect afterwards on what happened during treatment, it is clear that this can cause a sense of discredit and inadequacy (Paradisi et al., 2015). For this reason it can be very important to provide a proper weight to the experience of interruption and early ending not only from the point of you of the relational matrix between patient and analyst (evaluating the elements that have negatively affected the development of the therapeutic relationship) but also to consider the areas of non-analyzability in the patient. In fact all patients have their own "bedrock" (Cooper, 1991) that is never accessible to psychoanalytical observation. This does not mean that this rock can never be approached but that patients can do it later in a further therapy or on their own. This will depend mainly on what the previous treatment has been able to obtain in activating a post-analytical phase in which they will continue to explore their mental and affective functioning. All this leads us to consider analysis as interminable since what will be unveiled in the treatment with the analyst is not as important as what has helped to activate a post-analytical phase that contributes to the patient’s ongoing self-analysis.
Keywords: Interminable analysis, interruption, self-analysis, change, analytical relationship, Infant research

  1. Renik O. (2006). Psicoanalisi pratica per terapeuti e pazienti. Milano: Raffaello Cortina Editore, 2007.
  2. Adler A. (1931). Cosa la vita dovrebbe significare per voi. Roma: Newton Compton, 1994.
  3. Bolton D., Hill J. (1996). Mind, meaning and mental disorder. Oxford: Oxford University press.
  4. Cassam Q., a cura di (1994). Self-knowdlege. Oxford: Oxford University press.
  5. Chalmers D.J. (1996). La mente cosciente. Milano: McGraw-Hill, 1999.
  6. Clarkin J.F., Levy K.N. (2004). The influence of client variables on psychotherapy. In: Lambert M.J., editor, Bergin and Garfield’s handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change. New York: Wiley.
  7. Coin R. (2016). Il processo analitico e la sua conclusione. Comunicazione personale.
  8. Cooper A.M. (1991). Metapsicologia e termine. In: Sandler J., a cura di, Studi critici su Analisi terminabile e interminabile. Milano: Cortina Raffaello Cortina Editore, 1992.
  9. De Simone G. (1994). La conclusione dell’analisi. Roma: Borla.
  10. Etchegoyen R.H. (1986). I fondamenti della tecnica psicoanalitica. Roma: Astrolabio, 1990.
  11. Ferraro F., Garella A. (2000). In-fine. Saggio sulla conclusione dell’analisi. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  12. Ferro A. (1993). The impasse within a theory of the analytic field: possible vertices of observation. Int. J. Psychoanal., 74: 917-30.
  13. Fonagy P., Target M. (2001). Attaccamento e funzione riflessiva. Milano: Raffaello Cortina Editore.
  14. Freud S. (1937). Analisi terminabile e interminabile. OSF, Vol. 11. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1989.
  15. Garfield S.L. (1994). Research on client variables in psychotherapy. In: Bergin A.E. & Garfield S.L., editor, Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change. New York: Wiley.
  16. Hoffman I.Z. (1998). Rituale e spontaneità in psicoanalisi. Roma: Astrolabio, 2000.
  17. Holmes J. (2001). Psicoterapia per una base sicura. Milano: Raffaello Cortina Editore, 2004.
  18. Jervis G. (1984). Presenza e identità. Milano: Garzanti, 1992.
  19. Laplanche J. (1987). Nuovi fondamenti per la psicoanalisi. Roma: Borla, 1989.
  20. McWilliams N. (1999). Il caso clinico. Milano: Raffaello Cortina Editore, 2002.
  21. Minolli M. (1993). Studi di psicoterapia psicoanalitica. Genova: Edizioni Centro Diffusione Psicologia.
  22. Minolli M. (2015). Essere e divenire. La sofferenza dell’individualismo. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  23. Paradisi G., Capo R., Saettoni M., Gragnani A. (2015). La valutazione del drop-out in un campione di terapeuti. Associazione di Psicologia Cognitiva, Roma; Scuola di Psicoterapia Cognitiva (SPC), Roma e Grosseto 24/11/2015.
  24. Perconti P. (2008). L’autocoscienza. Cosa è, come funziona, a cosa serve. Roma-Bari: Laterza.
  25. Polito R.C. (1979). Evaluacìon del proceso analìtico. Psicoanàlisis, Vol. 1, n. 1.
  26. Sander L. (2007). Sistemi viventi. Milano: Raffaello Cortina Editore.
  27. Semi A. (1988). Trattato di psicoanalisi. Vol. 1. Milano: Raffello Cortina Editore, 1997.
  28. Shulman B.H., Mosak H.H. (1990). Manuale per l’analisi dello stile di vita. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 2008.
  29. Stolorow R., Atwood G.E. (1992). I contesti dell’essere. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 2001.
  30. Thoma H., Kachele H. (1985). Trattato di terapia psicoanalitica. Vol.1. Fondamenti teorici. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1990.
  31. Ticho GR. (1967). On self-analysis. Int. J. Psychoanal, 48: 308-318.
  32. Tronick Z.E. (2006). Lo sviluppo e la variazione della resilience come variabili dipendenti dal normale stress dello sviluppo e dell’interazione. Ricerca psicoanalitica, XVII(3): 265-294.
  33. Vetrone G., Fusco E., Lombardo C., De Coro A. (2007). Le caratteristiche dei pazienti come predittori dell’interruzione prematura della psicoterapia in un Servizio di salute mentale: Metodologia e primi risultati. Rivista di Psicologia Clinica, 1: 70-79.
  34. Zimmermann D., Bento Mostardeiro A.L. (1991). L’insegnamento di “Analisi terminabile e interminabile”. In: Sandler J., a cura di, Studi critici su Analisi terminabile e interminabile. Milano: Raffaello Cortina Editore, 1992.

Fabio Rapisarda, When things go well: terminable or interminable analysis? Interruptions and endings in psychoanalysis in "RICERCA PSICOANALITICA" 3/2018, pp. 69-87, DOI:10.3280/RPR2018-003006

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content