The organizational theories born in the last century are not fully adequate to explain the technology driven organizational change processes of the digital age. This article reconstructs the theoretical debate on the interaction between technology and organization. At first the essay highlights the distinctive approaches of technological determinism, of the socio-technical system and of social constructivism. Finally the article focuses on the socio-materialist model that has been developed by Paul Leonardi to meet the specific challenges of the digital age.
Keywords: Digital transformation, technology, technology driven innovation, organizational change, socio-materialism.