This article’s aim is to analyse the historical studies regarding Catholic parties and movements other than the DC, which were active in Italy until the turning point 1992-1993. The article explores four different fields: the dialogue between Catholics and Marxists during and immediately after the Second World War, which saw the rise of the Movement of Catholic Communists and of the Social-Christian Party; the 1970s and the Church’s efforts to bring together Marxist social reform and religious modernization; the DC’s fragmentation process and the difficult rise of a second Catholic party, with a more progressive approach, between the 1970s and the early 1990s; Milazzo’s movement and the effort to establish a second, regional Catholic party in Sicily during the late 1950s. These four aspects have been investigated with different levels of scrutiny during the last forty years. In all cases, however, the product of historical analyses seems to be closely linked to the political situation and the historical research and political development appear to be mutually related.
Keywords: The relation between historiography and politics, Catholic Communists, Christian Left, Christians for Socialism, Catholic parties, La Rete