The article analyses the historiographical research related to the role of political Catholicism in contemporary Italy, emphasising the development and implementation of social policies. The author examines different strands of research: the history of the welfare state, the history of Catholic social organizations, the history of political Catholicism, the history of institutions, the history of social movements. Topics such as health, social assistance, social security, unemployment, prisons, migration policy, housing policy are also briefly examined. A sound interpretative framework defines the period between 1945 and 1960, in which the contribution of political Catholicism to the Republican State’s social policies and the innovation of its full integration in those policies emerge. The author also focuses on the following decades, highlighting, in particular with regard to the 1970s, some aspects still partially addressed by historiography.
Social policies, political Catholicism, historiography, welfare state, Catholic Church, contemporary Italy