The most recent historiography has highlighted the central role played by foreign policy in the long path of the Italian post-war period. The relationship between political Catholicism and the dynamics of the international system is part of a broader reflection on the balance of the political system and on the role played by the Christian Democracy Party (DC) between political representation and governing functions. The author analyses a number of aspects of the historiographical debate on the Christian Democratic party and its foreign policy between 1945 and 1992 using two interpretation keys: the periodization of the Italian Republic and the analysis of the main issues or choices that accompany and define Christian Democrat foreign policy. A complex and contradictory framework emerges within which it is possible to identify continuities and discontinuities in the relationship between political Catholicism and international dynamics.
Political Catholicism, international system, post-war Italy, DC’s foreign policy, historiography on the DC, periodization of Italy’s Republic