Clicca qui per scaricare

Crollo di un impero. Critica della guerra e crisi sociale in Ungheria fra il 1916 e il 1918
Titolo Rivista: HISTORIA MAGISTRA 
Autori/Curatori: Massimo Congiu 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2018 Fascicolo: 28 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  17 P. 50-66 Dimensione file:  110 KB
DOI:  10.3280/HM2018-028005
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 




At the end of 1916 the Hungarian workers protest with particular force against the military discipline imposed on the factories. At that time, they organize several strikes and in 1917 they celebrate the first of May for the first time. The thing happens under the influence of the Russian revolution of February and then of that of October. The antimilitarist propaganda of the socialists contributes to inflame the minds. Thus pacifism spread in the country and at the front where the Hungarian soldiers were fighting. The Russian revolution and Russia’s withdrawal from the war lead to an initial improvement in the situation of the central powers, but this advantage will fail with the entry into the war of the United States alongside the powers of the Entente. As well as among the ranks of Italian and French soldiers, even in the case of the Hungarians, insubordination and cases of desertion increase. The war events also heavily involve the civilian population. Some newspapers such as the Világ, the Pesti Hírlap and the Népszava, informe every day about the evolution of the events in Russia. The Népszava is, at the time, the Hungarian Social Democratic Party newspaper. He regularly updates his readers on the activities of the movements that had arisen to reclaim the end of hostilities and set itself up as a press structure committed to promoting peace in the name of a proletariat forced into trenches and suffering civilian populations.
Keywords: Antimilitarismo, Sciopero, Pacifismo, Rivoluzione, Socialdemocratici, Giornali.

Massimo Congiu, in "HISTORIA MAGISTRA" 28/2018, pp. 50-66, DOI:10.3280/HM2018-028005

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche