The article examines the situation of the profession of psychologist, in the thirtieth anniversary of its regulation, in light of the law and especially of the evidence related to the role of the psyche in human life and to the efficacy of psychological interventions. The author shows the progress done, but also the complexity in employing psychological competencies adequately and coherently. Thus, the main difficulties and prospective are analyzed, in particular the role this profession should take on (and be assigned to) for meeting its social mandate. Moreover, data collected via surveys about how Italians employ and consider the profession of psychology are showed.
Keywords: Psychologist, Evidence, Health, Interventions’ efficacy and effectiveness, Social role, Use in Italy.