The regular practice of physical activity is a recognized form of prevention against some long-lasting diseases, as well as a valid support to accompany rehabilitation processes and a recog-nized tool of health education. For example, physical activity is often the core basis of the "therapeutic patient education", regulated in France since 2009 by a specific law. A different matter, the practice of physical activity on medical prescription, institutionalized from Decem-ber 2016, is proposed as an important process of de-medicalization of long-lasting patholo-gies, bringing significant social and cultural innovation in health care and in terms of public health. Through this article, about a year from its institutionalization, we intend to take stock of the functioning of this device, with respect to the therapeutic patient education and the idea of "sport-health", highlighting its limits and potential.
Keywords: Sport; physical activity; prescription; prevention; France; health education.