Forty years since the "Islamic Revolution": the rise and decline of the bond between clergy and politics in Iran

Author/s Lorenzo Kamel
Publishing Year 2019 Issue 2019/107
Language Italian Pages 18 P. 21-38 File size 187 KB
DOI 10.3280/PASS2019-107003
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What are the historical roots of "political Shiʿism" in Iran? Which historical dynamics have contributed the most to trigger the involvement of the Iranian clergy in politics? In the fortieth anniversary of the Iranian revolution, academic answers to these questions appear more relevant than ever. To this end, the article provides a historical framework by focusing on four interrelated episodes: the Tobacco Revolt of 1891-2, the rising of Reza Shah (1921) as the penultimate Shah of Persia, the coup d’état of 1953, and the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Each of these four moments continues to echo in Iran, as well as in a large part of the Middle East.

Keywords: Iran, Middle East, Political Shiʿism, Bazaaris, Islamic Revolution

Lorenzo Kamel, Quarant’anni dalla "Rivoluzione Islamica": ascesa e declino del sodalizio tra clero e politica in Iran in "PASSATO E PRESENTE" 107/2019, pp 21-38, DOI: 10.3280/PASS2019-107003