Click here to download

Metafore migranti e crescita della comunità scientifica: il caso dei paesaggi evolutivi
Journal Title: EDUCAZIONE SENTIMENTALE 
Author/s: Emanuele Serrelli 
Year:  2019 Issue: 31 Language: Italian 
Pages:  14 Pg. 115-128 FullText PDF:  206 KB
DOI:  10.3280/EDS2019-031010
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


Migrant metaphors and growth of the scientific community: The case of evolutionary land-scapes. For several decades now, important and in-depth studies have analyzed scientific metaphors, trying for example to determine a principled distinction between metaphors and models. Not a simple task. Several epistemological features are shared between the two. When some distinction is made, metaphors are sometimes seen as preliminary to exact and rigorous mathematical models. In this article I focus on one and only metaphor of biology: evolutionary landscapes. I describe its role in the development of evolutionary science, mov-ing from its success in several fields in the 1930s and ’40s to deepening its origin in the con-text of population genetics. By drawing a distinction between native and migrant metaphor, I provide some elements of reflection on the value of metaphor as a generator of common lan-guage between separated scientific fields, and as a tool for understanding models. In this way I also suggest overcoming the model vs. metaphor opposition, especially the idea that meta-phors are a more rudimental knowledge tool than models.
Keywords: Model, metaphor, scientific language, evolution, adaptive landscape.

  1. Black M. (1962). Models and Metaphor: Studies in Language and Philosophy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  2. Calcott B. (2008). Assessing the fitness landscape revolution. Biology and Philosophy, 23(5): 639-657.
  3. Dawkins R. (1996). Climbing Mount Improbable. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. Trad. it. Alla conquista del Monte Improbabile. Milano: Mondadori, 1997.
  4. Darwin C.R. (1859). On the origin of species by means of natural selection. London: John Murray, sesta edizione 1872. Trad. it. L’origine delle specie. Roma: Newton Compton, 2000.
  5. Dobzhansky T. (1937). Genetics and the Origin of Species. New York: Columbia University Press, 3rd ed., 1951.
  6. Fusco G., Carrer R., Serrelli E. (2014). The landscape metaphor in development. In: A. Minelli, T. Pradeu, eds., Towards a theory of development. Oxfod: Oxford University Press, pp. 114-128 -- [http://hdl.handle.net/10281/48518].
  7. Gadamer H.G. (1975). Truth and Method. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 36(4): 487-490.
  8. Gavrilets S. (2004). Fitness Landscapes and the Origin of Species. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  9. Hesse M. (1966). Models and Analogies in Science. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.
  10. Hesse M. (1980). The explanatory function of metaphor. In: M. Hesse, Revolutions and Reconstructions in the Philosophy of Science. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 111-124.
  11. Hesse M. (1987). Tropical talk: the myth of the literal. The Aristotelian Society, 61(supplement): 297-310.
  12. Hesse M. (1993). Models, metaphors and truth. In: F.R. Ankersmit, J.J.A. Mooij, eds., Knowledge and Language. vol. 3. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  13. Huxley J.S. (1942). Evolution, The Modern Synthesis. London: Allen and Unwin.
  14. Kaplan J.M. (2008). The end of the adaptive landscape metaphor? Biology and Philosophy 23(5): 625-638.
  15. Keller E.F. (2002). Making Sense of Life: Explaining Biological Development With Models, Metaphors, And Machines. Cambridge-London: Harvard University Press.
  16. Mayr E. (1959). Where are we? Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology, 24: 1-14.
  17. Mayr E. (1973). The recent historiography of genetics. Journal of the History of Biology, 6: 125-154.
  18. Mayr E. (1980). Prologue: Some thoughts on the history of the evolutionary synthesis. In E. Mayr, W.B. Provine, eds. (1980), pp. 1-48.
  19. Mayr E., Provine W.B., eds. (1980). The Evolutionary Synthesis: Perspectives on the Unification of Biology. Cambridge & London: Harvard University Press.
  20. Monod J. (1970). Le Hasard et la nécessité. Paris: Le Seuil. Tr. Chance and Necessity: An Essay on the Natural Philosophy of Modern Biology. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1971.
  21. Pigliucci M. (2008a). Sewall Wright’s adaptive landscapes: 1932 vs. 1988. Biology and Philosophy 23: 591-603.
  22. Pigliucci M., Kaplan J. (2006). Making Sense of Evolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  23. Provine W.B. (1980). Epilogue. In: E. Mayr, W. Provin, eds. The Evolutionary Synthesis, cit., pp. 399-411.
  24. Serrelli E. (2011). Adaptive landscapes: a case study of metaphors, models, and synthesis in evolutionary biology. PhD Dissertation in Educational and Communicational Sciences, Human Sciences Doctorate School, University of Milano Bicocca, Milan, Italy. -- [http://hdl.handle.net/10281/19338].
  25. Serrelli E. (2015). Visualizing macroevolution: from adaptive landscapes to compositions of multiple spaces. In: E. Serrelli, N. Gontier, eds., Macroevolution: explanation, interpretation and evidence. Interdisciplinary Evolution Research series, Springer, pp. 113-162. -- [http://hdl.handle.net/ 10281/49988]., 10.1007/978-3-319-15045-1_4DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-15045-1_4
  26. Simpson G.G. (1944). Tempo and Mode in Evolution. New York: Columbia University Press.
  27. Wright S. (1932). The roles of mutation, inbreeding, crossbreeding and selection in evolution. In: Proc of the 6th International Congress of Genetics, Vol. 1: 356-366.

Emanuele Serrelli, in "EDUCAZIONE SENTIMENTALE" 31/2019, pp. 115-128, DOI:10.3280/EDS2019-031010

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content