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Asma e ADHD: il possibile ruolo dello stress materno in gravidanza nello sviluppo concomitante di queste patologie
Titolo Rivista: PNEI REVIEW 
Autori/Curatori: Ornella Righi 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2019 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  14 P. 18-31 Dimensione file:  139 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PNEI2019-002003
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


L’ADHD e l’asma sono condizioni prevalenti nell’infanzia, con una patofisiologia complessa che coinvolge l’interazione genetico-ambientale. L’obiettivo di questo articolo è esplorare i fattori che possono aumentare il rischio di sviluppare asma nei bambini con ADHD. I bambini nati prematuramente e/o quelli le cui madri hanno sperimentato stress durante la gravidanza hanno un rischio significativamente maggiore di sviluppare l’asma in concomitanza con ADHD, dimostrando come lo stress prenatale possa influenzare più circuiti fisiobiologici. In questo processo intervengono sia l’attivazione dell’asse ipotalamo-ipofisi-surreni (HPA) sia la mediazione di citochine infiammatorie che determinano cambiamenti funzionali e morfologici del cervello, e alterazioni immunitarie che predispongono ad atopia.


Keywords: Stress materno, Gravidanza, ADHD, Asma, Infanzia, Citochine infiammatorie.

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Ornella Righi, in "PNEI REVIEW" 2/2019, pp. 18-31, DOI:10.3280/PNEI2019-002003

   

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