Clicca qui per scaricare

Review of the Polish integrated National Energy and Climate draft Plan 2021-2030
Autori/Curatori: Marcin Pluta, Wojciech Suwala, Artur Wyrwa 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2019 Fascicolo: Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  12 P. 149-160 Dimensione file:  170 KB
DOI:  10.3280/EFE2019-001009
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 

The purpose of this paper is to review the main content of the draft version of the National Energy and Climate Plan for the years 2021-2030 of Poland. The main objectives, targets, policies and measures are described. Tools planned to be used to achieve the goals are presented. Ambitiousness of the plan, probability of achieving the objectives and difficulties that may be encountered in implementing the envisaged policies are discussed. The transformation of the Polish power sector, which has the biggest share in GHG emissions from all ETS sectors, has already begun. It is expected that the share of coal in the electricity generation mix will drop from the current ca. 77% to 60% in 2030. The biggest challenge in the non-ETS sector will be to achieve emission reduction targets in the transport sector. Emissions from transport are rising and are expected to continue to rise as a result of economic development and increasing passenger and freight transport.

Keywords: Polish NECP assessment, energy policy, climate policy.
Jel Code: Q28, Q48, Q58

  1. [1] Ministry of Energy. (2019). National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs). (in Polish). -- [Online] available from: [accessed 19.8.2019].
  2. [2] Ministry of Energy. (2018). Polish Energy Policy up to 2040 (project of November 2018). (in Polish). -- [Online] available from: [accessed 19.8.2019].
  3. [3] Ministry of Investment and Development. (2017). The Strategy for Responsible Development for the period up to 2020 (including the perspective up to 2030). (in Polish). -- [Online] available from: [accessed 19.8.2019].
  4. [4] European Environment Agency (2019). EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) data viewer. -- [accessed 20.8.2019].
  5. [5] Eurostat -- [accessed 20.8.2019].
  6. [6] Ministry of Energy (2019). Current situation and forecasts at the existing policies and measures (as at the end of 2017) Annex 1. to A national plan for energy and climate for years to come 2021-2030 PROJECT – v. 3.1. Part 2 (in Polish). -- [Online] available from: [accessed 22.8.2019].
  7. [7] Official Journal of the European Union (2009). Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the council of 23 April 2009 on the effort of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020. -- [Online] available from: [accessed 23.8.2019].
  8. [8] European Environment Agency (2018). EEA Report No 16/2018. Trends and projections in Europe 2018 Tracking progress towards Europe’s climate and energy targets. -- [Online] available from: [accessed 23.8.2019].
  9. [9] Official Journal of the European Union (2018). Regulation (EU) 2018/842 of the European Parliament and of the council of 30 May 2018 on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030 contributing to climate action to meet commitments under the Paris Agreement and amending Regulation (EU) No 525/2013. -- [Online] available from: [accessed 23.8.2019].
  10. [10] Ministry of Energy. (2019). National Energy and Climate Plan for the years 2021-2030 Objectives and targets, and policies and measures DRAFT – v. 3.1 of 4 January 2019. Part 1 (in Polish). -- [Online] available from: [accessed 22.8.2019].
  11. [11] Krajowy Ośrodek Bilansowania i Zarządzania Emisjami (KOBIZE). (2017). Krajowy Raport Inwentaryzacyjny 2017, Inwentaryzacja gazów cieplarnianych dla lat 1988-2015, wykonany na potrzeby Ramowej konwencji Narodów Zjednoczonych w sprawie zmian klimatu oraz Protokołu z Kioto. (in Polish).
  12. [12] Schrattenholzer L. (1981). The Energy Supply Model MESSAGE. IIASA Research Report. IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria: RR-81-031.
  13. [13] Ministerstwo Finansów (2017). Wytyczne dotyczące stosowania jednolitych wskaźników makroekonomicznych będących podstawą oszacowania skutków finansowych projektowanych ustaw. Aktualizacja – maj 2017 r. Warszawa.
  14. [14] IEA (2017). World Energy Outlook 2017. Paris.
  15. [15] Gawlik L. (ed.) (2013). Coal for Polish energy sector in 2050 perspective e scenario analysis. Katowice: Mining Chamber of Industry and Commerce. (in Polish). -- [Online] Available from: [accessed 26.8.2019].
  16. [16] Zöphel C., Schreiber S., Herbst A., Klingler A.-L., Manz P., Heitel S., Fermi F., Wyrwa A., Raczyński M. and Reiter U. (2019). D4.3 Report on cost optimal energy technology portfolios for system flexibility in the sectors heat, electricity and mobility, Report for the REFLEX project.
  17. [17] Wyrwa A., Szurlej A., Gawlik L., Suwała W. (2015). Energy scenarios for Poland – a comparison of PRIMES and TIMES-PL modeling results. Journal of Power Technologies.
  18. ISSN 2083-4187 vol. 95 Polish Energy Mix 2014, s. 100-106.
  19. [18] Suwała W., Wyrwa A. and Pluta M. (2017). Near future of Polish energy system –COP21 and BAT Conclusions. Energy and Fuels 2016. E3S Web Conferences Volume 14, 01001. -- [Online] available from:
  20. [19] Sternal A. and Wyrwa A. (2019). Forecast of emissions of gaseous air pollutants from power sector. Contemporary problems of power engineering and environmental protection 2018. -- [Online] available from: [accessed 27.8.2019].
  21. [20] Chancellery of the Parliament, Act on electromobility and alternative fuels of 11 January 2018. (in Polish). -- [Online] available from: [accessed 28.8.2019].
  22. [21] Misztal M. (2018). Development prospects of e-mobility in Poland. MSc Thesis, AGH University of Science and Technology. (in Polish).
  23. [22] Wyrwa A., Ostasz P. and Sularz B. (2019). Modelling the development of electric vehicles in Poland. ISBN 978-83-66364-10-3 s.5-14. (in Polish).

Marcin Pluta, Wojciech Suwala, Artur Wyrwa, in "ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT" 1/2019, pp. 149-160, DOI:10.3280/EFE2019-001009


FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche