Assessing parenting in potentially abusive parents: A qualitative evaluation of practitioner responses to the Parenting Role Interview
Journal Title: MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA
Author/s: Richard Barry, Sarah Edwards, Andrea Oskis, Elena Carraro
FullText PDF: 302 KB
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:
The Parenting Role Interview (PRI) is a research tool which has been introduced into a res-idential assessment home for parents referred for difficulties in interacting with their chil-dren, potential neglect/abuse issues and previous trauma. Staff were trained in the PRI to be used as part of their standard assessment procedure of parenting competence. This study describes a qualitative evaluation, through interviews and focus groups, of practitioner re-sponses to the PRI in a voluntary agency service setting. Transcripts from the interviews and focus groups were analysed qualitatively using thematic analysis. Two main themes were drawn out from the data. The first theme revolved around the mainly positive impact of the PRI within the assessment service including the impact on staff, service users, the service as a whole and court reporting. The second theme focused on the applicability of the PRI to the service users focusing on the difficulty of fitting the measure around service us-ers’ experience of parenting and complex needs. Findings showed a number of key benefits from using the PRI within the overall assessment process particularly with regard to the objective nature of the measure and its ability to bring concrete examples. Limitations of the approach included time constraints and adaptations needed for the measure within this ser-vice user group. Overall the approach showed successful translation of research knowledge and methods in an assessment service.
Keywords: Parenting assessments; child protection services; high risk parents; thematic analysis.
- Barlow, J., & Stewart-Brown, S. (2001). Understanding parenting programmes: Parents’ views. Primary Health Care Research and Development, 2, 117-130.
- Bifulco, A., Jacobs, C., Bunn, A., Thomas, G., & Irving, K. (2008). The Attachment Style Interview (ASI) as an assessment of support capacity: Exploring its use for adoption-fostering assessment. Adoption and Fostering, 32, 33-45., DOI: 10.1177/030857590803200306
- Bifulco, A., Moran, P., Jacobs, C., & Bunn, A. (2009). Problem partners and parenting: Exploring linkages with maternal insecure attachment style and adolescent offspring internalizing disorder. Attachment and Human Development, 11(1), 69-85., DOI: 10.1080/14616730802500826
- Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative research in psychology, 32(2), 77-101.
- Bullock, R. (2002). The contribution of children’s services to the protection of children. In D. Bromnek, Hanks, H., Stratton, P. & Hamilton, C. (Eds.), Early Prediction and Prevention of Child Abuse: a handbook (pp. 1-27). Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
- DeHart, T., Pelham, B. W., & Tennen, H. (2005). What lies beneath: Parenting style and implicit self-esteem. Journal of experimental social psychology, 42, 1-17.
- Edelstein, R. S., Alexander, K. W., Shaver, P. R., Schaaf, J. M., Quas, J. A., Lovas, G. S., ... (2004). Adult attachment style and parental responsiveness during a stressful event. Attachment and Human Development, 6(1), 31-52., DOI: 10.1080/146167303100001659584
- El-Sheikh, M., & Whitson, S. A. (2006). Longitudinal Relations Between Marial Conflict and Child Adjustment: Vagal Regulation as a Protective Factor. Journal of Family Psychology, 20(1), 30-39., DOI: 10.1037/0893-3126.96.36.199
- Evenson, R. J., & Simon, R. W. (2005). Clarifying the relationship between parenthood and depression. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 46, 341-358., DOI: 10.1177/002214650504600403
- Ferguson, H. (2001). Promoting child protection, welfare and healing: The case for developing best practice. Child and Family Social Work, 6, 1-12.
- Figueiredo, B., Bifulco, A., Pacheco, A., Costa, R., & Magarinho, R. (2006). Teenage pregnancy, Attachment Style and Depression: A comparison of teenage and adult pregnant women in a Portuguese series. Attachment and Human Development, 8, 123-138., DOI: 10.1080/14616730600785686
- Fisher, H. L., Bunn, A., Jacobs, C., Moran, P., & Bifulco, A. (2011). Concordance between mother and offspring reports of childhood adversity. Childhood Abuse and Neglect, 35, 117-122.
- Fisher, M. (2015). Applying Research Evidence in Social Work Practice. British Journal of Social Work, 45(7), 2224-2225.
- Herwig, J. E. (2004). Depression, partnership, social support, and parenting: interaction of maternal factors with behavioral problems of the child. Journal of Affective Disorders, 80, 199-208. 10.1016/S0165-0327(03)00112-5.
- Jenkins, J. M., Shapka, J. D., & Sorenson, A. M. (2006). Teenage mothers’ anger over twelve years: Partner conflict, partner transitions and children’s anger. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47(8), 775-782.
- Johnson, J., G, Cohen, P., Kasen, S., Smailes, E., & Brook, J. S. (2001). Association of maladaptive parental behavior with psychiatric disorder among parents and their offspring. Archive of General Psychiatry, 58, 453-460.
- Pears, K. C., & Capaldi, D. M. (2001). Intergenerational transmission of abuse: a two-generational prospective study of an at-risk sample. Child Abuse and Neglect, 25, 1439-1461.
- Schuck, A. M., & Spatz Widom, C. (2001). Childhood victimization and alcohol symptoms in females: casual inferences and hypothesized mediators. Child Abuse and Neglect, 25, 1069-1092., DOI: 10.1016/S0145-2134(01)00257-5
- Wilkins, D. (2017). Using Q methodology to understand how child protection social workers use attachment theory. I. Child and Family Social Work, 22.(S4) 20-80
Richard Barry, Sarah Edwards, Andrea Oskis, Elena Carraro, in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 3/2019, pp. 39-53, DOI:10.3280/MAL2019-003004