In this work the author reflects on the impact of the patient’s trauma on the personal trauma of the analyst and on the possible defenses that he uses to protect his psychic integrity. It speculates a movement of dissociation-integration in the internal setting of the analyst, which can take on a defensive value and which is part of the asymmetry neces-sary for the caregiver: a mechanism that joins the transference and countertransference interconnection, and that becomes part of it. As a moment of integration that guarantees the asymmetry of the care func-tion, he refers to the ability to be alone of the therapist in the presence of the patient, to pause in traumatic areas that have not been processed and in the awareness of its limit, dissociating himself from the here and now of the session. In particular, he analyzes the instrument of coun-tertransference, emphasizing its complexity and use in relation to the traumatic areas of the analyst. He offers some clinical vignettes. The comments of some Authors who will express themselves on the pro-posed topic will follow.
Keywords: Analyst’s trauma, countertransference, enacment, dissocia-tion, integration.