This work emphasizes the importance of formulating a dynamic di-agnosis of the patient’s mental condition when he asks for a therapy. This framework requires the reconstruction, however susceptible to additions or changes, of the emotional history of the patient and of the environment in which he has lived. This research does not coincide, therefore, with the attempt to formulate a medical diagnosis but rather with the ability to intuit the patient’s psychic functioning and the rea-sons for his suffering. In this context, the concept of emotional trauma must be framed, that is, the set of distorted responses capable of condi-tioning the development in a psychopathological sense.
Keywords: Psychopathology, psychoanalytic diagnosis, cumulative trauma, emotional trauma, psychopathological development, psycho-pathological constructions.