In this contribution the autonomy Referendums held in Lombardy and Veneto in 2017 are analysed and compared to similar experiences in other countries, which have led to the differentiation of territorial governance structures. The political motivations underpinning the two Referendums are linked to developments of the last two years. The article underlines the existence of a territorial tension not only between the main Italian political parties, but also within them. Indeed, the issue of differentiated regionalism is interpreted in different ways by regional and national political leaders. This contradiction affects all parties, including the League, as its new "national" strategy seems to be less compatible with the demands for more autonomy coming from its traditional strongholds. Therefore, in a context in which the regional political dimension is increasingly disconnected from the national one, the future of differentiated regionalism appears to be uncertain.
Keywords: Referendum, Autonomy, Politics, Parties
Jel Code: R5