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Social conflict and legitimation of repression in Italian press after World War II: Portella della Ginestra, Melissa and Modena
Journal Title: ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA 
Author/s: Bianca Maria Dematteis 
Year:  2020 Issue: 292 Language: Italian 
Pages:  28 Pg. 60-87 FullText PDF:  192 KB
DOI:  10.3280/IC2020-292003
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The article examines the narrative strategies adopted by two anti-Communist and anti-Fascistperiodicals, L’Uomo qualunque and Candido, to represent social conflict and its repressionin the early postwar period. It focuses on three case studies: the massacre of Portella dellaGinestra, which occurred on May 1st, 1947; the murder of three farmers in Melissa, Calabria,on October 29, 1949, which took place after the occupation of the land; and the suppressionof workers’ protests and the murder of six demonstrators in Modena on January 10, 1950. Thearticle argues that the narrative strategies adopted by the periodicals are the trivialization ofviolence; silence on the material circumstances of violent deaths and on the identities of thevictims; the criminalization of Communism. It points out that these forms of narration wereused to support a conservative political culture that aimed to contain social conflict, eliminatethe right to strike, and strengthen the authority of the state.
Keywords: Anti-Communism, Republican Italy, Right, Social conflict, Massacres

Bianca Maria Dematteis, Social conflict and legitimation of repression in Italian press after World War II: Portella della Ginestra, Melissa and Modena in "ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA" 292/2020, pp. 60-87, DOI:10.3280/IC2020-292003

   

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