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Dimensioni identitarie e sentimenti verso gli outgroup religiosi nella migrazione musulmana in Italia
Titolo Rivista: RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA  
Autori/Curatori: Cristina Giuliani, Alice Samarotto, Margherita Lanz, Camillo Regalia 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2020 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  23 P. 135-157 Dimensione file:  244 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIP2020-001007
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Il presente studio cui hanno partecipato 204 immigrati musulmani di prima e seconda generazione residenti in Italia, si basa sulla teoria integruppi ed esamina la relazione tra alcune dimensioni identitarie (religiosa, etnica e nazionale) e le valutazioni affettive espresse dagli immigrati nei confronti di diversi outgroup religiosi (cattolici, ebrei, non credenti e buddisti). Sui dati, raccolti tramite un’intervista strutturata, e stata eseguita una serie di analisi ANOVA. I risultati mostrano chiare differenze tra prime e seconde generazioni immigrate: queste ultime - rispetto alla prime generazioni, riportano livelli piu elevati di identita religiosa ed etnica e sentimenti piu negativi nei confronti di altri gruppi religiosi (in particolare, nei confronti di ebrei, non credenti e buddisti). Prime e seconde generazioni musulmane non si differenziano invece nelle valutazioni affettive espresse nei confronti dei cattolici, che rappresentano anche l’outgroup oggetto dei sentimenti piu positivi. Inoltre, i risultati confermano il legame tra le tre dimensioni identitarie esaminate e i sentimenti espressi nei confronti dei diversi outgroup religiosi: un’identificazione religiosa "totale" e un’alta identita etnica risultano associate a valutazioni piu negative degli outgroup religiosi (in particolare, ebrei e non credenti), mentre un alto livello di identita nazionale (italiana) e associato a sentimenti piu positivi espressi dalle seconde generazioni. I risultati, discussi nel solco della tradizione della teoria dell’identita sociale, consentono di riflettere ? accanto alle piu note dimensioni etniche e nazionali ? sul ruolo della religione e dell’appartenenza religiosa nelle relazioni integruppi.


Keywords: Migrazione, musulmani, identita, religione, outgroup.

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  1. Alessandro Antonietti, Antonella Marchetti, Migrazioni e psicologie. Introduzione al Forum in RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA 1/2020 pp. 13, DOI: 10.3280/RIP2020-001002

Cristina Giuliani, Alice Samarotto, Margherita Lanz, Camillo Regalia, in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 1/2020, pp. 135-157, DOI:10.3280/RIP2020-001007

   

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