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Attaccamento e bullismo: un confronto tra bulli, vittime, bulli-vittime e non-coinvolti in età scolare
Titolo Rivista: MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA 
Autori/Curatori: Lorenza Di Pentima, Sara Ramelli 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2020 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  27 P. 119-145 Dimensione file:  328 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MAL2020-002007
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Scopo del presente studio è stato analizzare il fenomeno del bullismo secondo la prospettiva dell’attaccamento, ponendo a confronto i bulli, i bulli-vittima, le vittime e i non-coinvolti nei modelli mentali e nei comportamenti socio-emozionali (in particolare aggressività, evitamento dell’interazione, manifestazioni di ansia e depressione). Hanno partecipato allo studio 365 bambini, 208 maschi (57%) e 157 femmine (43%), di 5 scuole di Roma, di età compresa tra 8 e 11 anni (M = 9.28, DS = 0.81). Gli strumenti impiegati sono stati: Nomina dei Pari (Menesini, 2003), per individuare i ruoli di bullo, vittima, bullo-vittima e non coinvolto, Separation Anxiety Test (Attili, 2001) per la misura dei modelli mentali dell’attaccamento e Social Emo-tional Dimension Scale (Ianes, & Savelli, 1994) per la valutazione dei comportamenti socio-emozionali. Dai risultati emerge che, nel confronto con i non-coinvolti, i bulli mostrano più attaccamenti ambivalenti ed evitanti, li dove le vittime e i bulli-vittima mostrano per lo più modelli mentali di tipo ambivalente. Inoltre i bulli, i bulli-vittima e le vittime presentano più alti livelli di aggressività, di evitamento delle interazioni con i pari e di comportamenti inappropriati.


Keywords: Modelli mentali dell’attaccamento; bulli; bulli-vittima; vittime, età scolare.

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Lorenza Di Pentima, Sara Ramelli, in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 2/2020, pp. 119-145, DOI:10.3280/MAL2020-002007

   

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