«Como si fuera Republica de por si»: Baruch Spinoza’s Respublica Divina between Christian and Jewish Political Tradition. Spinoza’s analysis of the Hebrew Republic model in his Tractatus Theologico-Politicus is part of a well known debate on the Jewish Institution in the Early-modern time. The peculiarity of this debate is that it developed within both Christian and Jewish milieus, and Spinoza’s work represents a linkage between these two worlds. Scholars have always connected Spinoza’s attitude to the Dutch and English position in this debate. The paper aims to take a different path. I will compare the pages of the TTP to one other moment of this discussion. I will focus on the role that the Hebrew republic model played in the political discussions that the Sephardic Jewish communities developed in the same years, and in particular in Amsterdam and London, as Mirian Bodian, and recently Anne Oravetz Albert have already shown. The comparison between Spinoza’s TTP and the Sephardic Political Literature could contribute to better understand Spinoza’s discussion and interpretation of the Hebrew republic, enlarging the number of his sources and targets.
Keywords: Baruch Spinoza, Jewish Republic, Sephardic Political Literature, Isaac Orobio de Castro, David Levi de Barrios, ma‘amad