The author traces a psychoanalytic conceptual classification of the various psychic conditions of alarm, indicating a progressive sequence based on the different qualitative and intensity levels of the functional experiences that derive from it. The description is divided into a con-tinuum that goes from normal and necessary fear to panic, passing from intermediate levels consisting of physiological anxiety, to patho-logical anxiety and anguish. The author highlights how the conceptual-izations on these psychic conditions and their classification in psycho-analysis are not definitive and exposes his thinking defining it realistic and deriving from clinical experience. Several psychoanalytic concep-tualizations are described, starting with Freud’s thinking. In the conclusion of the work he highlights the path of the patient’s experience during the therapeutic treatment: from the initial experi-enced feeling of ego collapse, characterized by the lack of self-confidence, to the end of the analytic path in which the patient can think about "starting" to trust yourself.
Keywords: Fear, anxiety, anguish, panic in psychoanalitic concepts.