In light of recent studies on transitional justice, this article examines the controversial aspects of a justice procedure of collaborationism, instructed by the Aquila Court of Appeal in the autumn of 1945. The research, carried out on previously unpublished archival sources, analyzes the events that brought to the deportation of 383 detainees and nine civilians from the prison of Sulmona to Dachau’s konzentrationslager. The analysis of the trial allows to connect this specific case-study, of which there is no trace in public memory, to the wider historiographical debate that has highlighted the limits and contradictions of the special legislation aimed at purging and punishing Fascist criminals. This research has also shed new light on certain crucial aspects concerning the failure, after the fall of the Fascist regime, to release Yugoslav prisoners condemned by wartime military tribunals, who became victims of a double deportation: first to Italy, and after September 8, 1943 to Nazi concentration camps.
Keywords: Transitional justice, deportation, political prisoners, Yugoslav partisans, Abruzzo, Konzentrationslager Dachau