Click here to download

Migration and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Empirical Interactions and Theoretical Implications
Journal Title: MONDI MIGRANTI 
Author/s:  Ferruccio Pastore 
Year:  2021 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  25 Pg. 19-43 FullText PDF:  352 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MM2021-001002
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

The relation between migration and pandemics can be understood as the complex interaction between two "total social facts", one of a continuous and structural nature, the other unexpected and traumatic. The linkages between the two phe-nomena are biunivocal and change over time. Drawing upon the quickly expand-ing empirical base generated since the outbreak of COVID-19, the author provides an interdisciplinary overview of these interactions and highlights some theoretical implications. The articles included in this special issue are presented and a roadmap for future research is sketched.
Keywords: Pandemic; COVID-19; mobility; migration policies

  1. Altman S.A. (2020). Will Covid-19 Have a Lasting Impact on Globalization?. Harvard Business Review; -- (ultima consultazione 10 luglio 2020).
  2. Ambrosini M. (2020). L’immigrazione al tempo della pandemia: nuove difficoltà, scoperte impreviste, opportunità insperate. Mondi Migranti, 2/2020: 9-26; --
  3. Ambrosini M. e Panichella N. (2016). Immigrazione, occupazione e crisi economica in Italia. Quaderni di sociologia, LX, 72: 115-134, numero monografico “La crisi in Italia e nella UE”; --; (ultima consultazione 11 luglio 2020).
  4. APM Research Lab (2020). The color of coronavirus: COVID-19 deaths by race and ethnicity in the U.S.; -- (ultima consultazione 11 luglio 2020).
  5. Bartoš V., Bauer M., Cahlíková J. e Chytilová J. (2020). COVID-19 Crisis Fuels Hostility against Foreigners, Institute for Labor Economics, Discussion Paper Series, IZA DP No. 13250; --
  6. Banca d’Italia (2020). L’economia delle regioni italiane. Dinamiche recenti e aspetti strutturali, Economie regionali, 22/2020; --
  7. Basch L., Glick Schiller N. e Szanton Blanc C., a cura di (1994). Nations Unbound: Transnational Projects, Postcolonial Predicaments, and Deterritorialized Nation-States. Switzerland: Gordon and Breach.
  8. Bastia T. (2011). Should I Stay or Should I go? Return Migration in Times of Crises. Journal of International Development, 23: 583-559; --
  9. Binotto M. (2020). Framing migrations. Frames and representations in Italian news media. Mondi Migranti, 2/2020: 47-62;, DOI: 10.3280/MM2020-002003.
  10. Bogoch I.I., Creatore M.I., Cetron M.S., Brownstein J.S., Pesik N., Miniota J., Tam T., Hu W., Nicolucci A. e Ahmed S. (2015). Assessment of the potential for international dissemination of Ebola virus via commercial air travel during the 2014 West African outbreak. The Lancet, 385 (9962): 29-35.
  11. Bommes M. e Geddes A. (2000). Immigration and Welfare: Challenging the Borders of the Welfare State. London: Routledge.
  12. Bommes M. e Thränhardt D., a cura di (2010). National paradigms of migration research. Göttingen: V & R Unipress.
  13. Campa P., Frattini T., Quaranta R. e Villosio C. (2020). Lavoratori stranieri con tre svantaggi in più nella fase 2.; -- (ultima consultazione 11 luglio 2020).
  14. Campbell D. e Siddique H. (2020). Covid-19 death rate in England higher among BAME people, The Guardian; -- (ultima consultazione 11 luglio 2020).
  15. Carling J. e Schewel K. (2018). Revisiting aspiration and ability in international migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44, 6: 945-963, Special Issue: Aspiration, Desire and the Drivers of Migration.
  16. Carrera S. e Luk N.C. (2020). Love thy neighbour? Coronavirus politics and their impact on EU freedoms and rule of law in the Schengen Area. CEPS Papers in Liberty and Security in Europe, No. 2020-04; -- (ultima consultazione 11 luglio 2020).
  17. Castles S. (2011). Migration, Crisis, and the Global Labour Market. Globalizations, 8, 3: 311- 324; --
  18. Castles S. (2010). Understanding Global Migration: A Social Transformation Perspective. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36, 10: 1565-1586; --
  19. Cerna L. (2016). The Crisis as an Opportunity for Change? Highskilled Immigration Policies Across Europe. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42, 10: 1610-1630; --
  20. Cingolani P. (2020). La tripla assenza dei migranti. La crisi Covid vista dalla Romania. FIERI-Analisi e commenti, Forum Internazionale ed Europeo di Ricerche sull’Immigrazione; --
  21. Cohen R. (2020). ‘Take me home’: The coronavirus virus and panic mobility. COMPAS Coronavirus and Mobility Forum; --
  22. Collyer M., Hinger S. e Schweitzer R. (2020). Politics of (Dis)Integration – An Introduction. In: Hinger S. e Schweitzer R., a cura di, Politics of (Dis)Integration. Berlin: Springer, IMISCOE Research Series; --;
  23. Commissione Europea (2020a). Comunicazione della Commissione al Parlamento europeo, al Consiglio europeo e al Consiglio, COVID-19: restrizione temporanea dei viaggi non essenziali verso l’UE. COM(2020) 15 final, Bruxelles, 16 marzo 2020; -- (ultima consultazione 10 luglio 2020).
  24. Commissione Europea (2020b). Communication from the Commission. COVID-19: Guidance on the implementation of relevant EU provisions in the area of asylum and return procedures and on resettlement. C(2020) 2516 final, Bruxelles, 16 aprile 2020; -- (ultima consultazione 11 luglio 2020).
  25. Cornelius W., Martin P.L. e Hollifield J., a cura di (1994). Controlling Immigration. A Global Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  26. Dahinden. J. (2016). A plea for the ‘de-migranticization’ of research on migration and integration. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 39, 13: 2207-2225; --
  27. D’Amuri F. (2011). “The Impact of the Great Recession on the Italian Labour Market”, Research in Labor Economics. In: Immervoll H., Peichl A. e Tatsiramos K., a cura di. Who Loses in the Downturn?. Economic Crisis, Employment and Income Distribution, 32: 155-180.
  28. de Haas H, Czaika M., Flahaux M.-L., Mahendra E., Natter K., Vezzoli S., Villares‐Varela M. (2019). International Migration: Trends, Determinants, and Policy Effects. Population and Development Review, 45, 4: 885-922; --
  29. De Loera-Brust A. (2020). As the U.S. Exports Coronavirus, Trump Is Blaming Mexicans. Foreign Policy; --
  30. Dennison J. e Geddes A. (2020). Why COVID-19 does not necessarily mean that attitudes towards immigration will become more negative. Geneva: International Organisation for Migration (IOM); --
  31. Esteves A., Fonseca L. e Malheiros J. (2018). Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Portugal in Times of Austerity: Resilience, in Situ Responses and Re-Emigration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44, 14: 2375-2391; --
  32. Eurostat (2020). Migration and migrant population statistics; -- (ultima consultazione 10 luglio 2020).
  33. Eurostat (2019). Air transport statistics; -- (ultima consultazione 10 luglio 2020).
  34. Fasani F. e Mazza J. (2020). Immigrant Key Workers: Their Contribution to Europe’s COVID-19 Response, Nota di ricerca JRC120537, Joint Research Centre – Commissione Europea; --
  35. Favell A. (2019). Integration: twelve propositions after Schinkel. CMS 7, 21;; --, open access (ultima consultazione 06 luglio 2020).
  36. Favell A. (2003). Integration nations: the nation-state and research on immigrants in Western Europe. Comparative Social Research, 22, 1: 13-42.
  37. Favell A. (1998). Philosophies of integration: Immigration and the idea of citizenship in France and Britain. London: Palgrave.
  38. Finotelli C. e Ponzo I. (2018). Integration in times of economic decline. Migrant inclusion in Southern European societies: trends and theoretical implications. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44, 14: 2303-2319;
  39. Fourquet J., Gariazzo M., Jaboulay G., Kraus F. e Wolber S. (2020). En immersion: Enquête sur une société confinée. Paris: Seuil.
  40. Freeman G. (1995). Modes of Immigration Politics in Liberal Democratic States. International Migration Review, 29: 881-902; --
  41. Frontex. Risk Analysis for 2019; (ultima consultazione 10 luglio 2020).
  42. Fullin G. e Reyneri E. (2013). Introduzione. Gli immigrati in un mercato del lavoro in crisi: il caso italiano in prospettiva comparata. Mondi Migranti, 1/2013: 21-34; --
  43. Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) (2020a). Coronavirus pandemic in the EU – Fundamental Rights implications, Bulletin No. 1 1 February-20 March 2020; -- (ultima consultazione 11 luglio 2020).
  44. Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) (2020b). Coronavirus pandemic in the EU – Fundamental Rights implications, Bulletin No. 2 21 March-30 April 2020; -- (ultima consultazione 11 luglio 2020).
  45. German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMFUS). Bertelsmann Foundation, Institut Montaigne (2020). Transatlantic Trends 2020. Transatlantic opinion on global challenges before and after COVID-19; -- (ultima consultazione 01 luglio 2020).
  46. Greenaway C. e Gushulak B.D. (2017). Pandemics, migration and global health security. In: Bourbeau P., a cura di, Handbook on Migration and Security (pp. 316-336). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing; --
  47. Guiraudon V. (1999). The Marshallian Triptych Re-Ordered: the Role of Courts and Bureaucracies in Furthering Migrant Social Right. Florence: European Institute-European Forum Papers; --
  48. Handley E. (2020). Coronavirus has killed more than 500,000 people. But some still don’t know the pandemic exists; -- (ultima consultazione 10 luglio 2020).
  49. Hammar T. (1985). European Immigration Policy: A Comparative Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  50. Hampshire J. (2016). European Migration Governance since the Lisbon Treaty: Introduction to the Special Issue. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42, 4: 537-553; --
  51. Henry G. e Pastore F. (2016). Explaining the Crisis of the European Migration and Asylum Regime. The International Spectator, 51, 1: 44-57; --
  52. Hollifield J. (1992). Immigrants, Markets, and States: The Political Economy of Postwar Europe. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  53. Istituto nazionale di statistica (Istat) e Istituto Superiore di Sanità (Iss) (2020). Impatto dell’epidemia COVID-19 sulla mortalità totale della popolazione residente. Periodo gennaio-maggio 2020; -- (ultima consultazione 11 luglio 2020).
  54. Janicka A. e Kaczmarczyk P. (2016). Mobilities in the Crisis and Post-Crisis Times: Migration Strategies of Poles on the EU Labour Market. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42, 10: 1693-1710; --
  55. John R.K.S., King A., De Jong D., Bodie-Collins M., Squires S.G. e Tam T.W. (2005). Border screening for SARS. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 11, 1: 6-10.
  56. Joppke C. (1998). Why Liberal States Accept Unwanted Immigration. World Politics, 50, 2: 266-293; --
  57. Kahanec M. e Zimmermann K.F., a cura di (2016). Labor Migration, EU Enlargement and the Great Recession. Berlin: Springer;
  58. Keskinen S., Norocel O.C. e Jørgensen M.B. (2016). The Politics and Policies of Welfare Chauvinism under the Economic Crisis. Critical Social Policy, 36: 321-329; --
  59. Khan K., Eckhardt R., Brownstein J.S., Naqvi R., Hu W., Kossowsky D., Scales D., Arino J., Macdonald M. e Wang J. (2013). Entry and exit screening of airline travellers during the A (H1N1) 2009 pandemic: a retrospective evaluation. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 91, 5: 368-376.
  60. King R. e Oruc N., a cura di (2019). Migration in the Western Balkans: What do we know?, London: Routledge.
  61. Klarenbeek L.M. (2019). Relational integration: a response to Willem Schinkel. Comparative Migration Studies, 7, 20; --
  62. Lado Tonlieu L. (2017). Socioanthropological dimensions of the fight against HIV and AIDS in Africa. In: Azetsop J., HIV & AIDS in Africa: Christian Reflection, Public Health, Social Transformation. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books.
  63. Lafleur J.M. e Stanek M. (2017). EU Migration and the Economic Crisis: Concepts and Issues. In: Lafleur J.M. e Stanek M., a cura di. Old Routes, New Migrants: Lessons from the South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis. Berlin: Springer.
  64. Lunaria (2020). Il Covid “da importazione” e le “bombe virali”: il caso dei cittadini bengalesi e non solo, Cronache di ordinario razzismo; -- (ultima consultazione 10 luglio 2020).
  65. Mai N. e Paladini C. (2013) Flexible circularities: Integration, Return and Socio-Economic Instability within the Albanian Migration to Italy. In: Triandafyllidou A., a cura di. Circular Migration between Europe and its Neighbourhood (pp. 42-68). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  66. McLeman R. e Gemenne F., a cura di (2018). Routledge Handbook of Environmental Displacement and Migration. London: Routledge.
  67. Meissner F. (2019). Of straw figures and multi-stakeholder monitoring – a response to Willem Schinkel. Comparative Migration Studies, 7, 18; -- 10.1186/s40878-019-0121-y.
  68. Nathan D. e Kelkar G. (2020). Is COVID-19 really an exogenous shock?, United Nations University. World Institute for Development; --
  69. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (2020). International Migration Outlook 2020. OECD Publishing, Paris; --
  70. Panizzon M. e van Riemsdijk M. (2019). Introduction to Special issue: ‘migration governance in an era of large movements: a multi-level approach’. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 45, 8: 1225-1241; --
  71. Papon S. e Robert-Bobée I. (2020). Une hausse des décès deux fois plus forte pour les personnes nées à l’étranger que pour celles nées en France en mars-avril 2020, Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (INSEE); -- (ultima consultazione 11 luglio 2020).
  72. Pastore F. (2020a). Migrant integration in times of the lockdown. Some reflections from Italy. TRAFIG Blog, March 2020; --
  73. Pastore F. (2020b). The third blow, and what will remain of Europe. Aspenia Online; -- (ultima consultazione 12 luglio 2020).
  74. Pastore F. (2018). From Source to Corridor: Changing Geopolitical Narratives about Migration and EU-Western Balkans Relations. Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 21, 1; --
  75. Pastore F. (2014). Introduction. Comparative Migration Studies, numero monografico a cura di Pastore F., The Governance of Migrant Labour Supply in Europe, before and During the Crisis, 4: 385-415; --
  76. Pastore F. (2011). La deriva xenofoba non è un destino. Affarinternazionali; -- (ultima consultazione 10 luglio 2020).
  77. Paul R. (2016). Negotiating Varieties of Capitalism? Crisis and Change in Contemporary British and German Labour Migration Policies. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42, 10: 1631-1650; --
  78. Piccoli L. (2020). Coronavirus restrictions on movement may jeopardize the lives of the most vulnerable. The Washington Post; --
  79. Piccoli L., Dzankic J., Perret A., Ruedin D. e Jacob-Owens T. (2020). International travel restrictions in response to the COVID-19 outbreak dataset. EUI Research Data; 2020; Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies; --
  80. Poglian A. (2020). Media, politica e migrazioni in Europa. Una prospettiva sociologica. Roma: Carocci.
  81. Public Health England (PHE) (2020). Disparities in the risk and outcomes of COVID-19; --
  82. Roos C. e Zaun N. (2016). The Global Economic Crisis as a Critical Juncture? The Crisis’s Impact on Migration Movements and Policies in Europe and the U.S. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42, 10: 1579-1589; --
  83. Samaddar R., a cura di (2020). Borders of an Epidemic: Covid-19 and the Migrant Workers, Calcutta Research Group (CRG); --
  84. Sayad A (1991). L’immigration ou les paradoxes de l’altérité. Bruxelles: De Boeck.
  85. Schinkel W. (2019). Migration studies: an imposition. Comparative Migration Studies, 7, 32; --
  86. Schinkel W. (2018). Against ‘immigrant integration’: for an end to neocolonial knowledge production. Comparative Migration Studies, 6, 31; --
  87. Schinkel W. (2017). Imagined societies: A critique of immigrant integration in Western societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  88. The Nansen Initiative (2015). Agenda for the Protection of Cross-Border Displaced Persons in the Context of Disasters and Climage Change, 1; --
  89. Tilly C. (2011). The Impact of the Economic Crisis on International Migration: A Review. Work, Employment and Society, 25, 4: 675-692; --
  90. Trauner F. (2016). Asylum Policy: The EU’s ‘Crises’ and the Looming Policy Regime Failure. Journal of European Integration, 38, 3: 311-325; -- 10.1080/07036337.2016.1140756.
  91. Trenz H.J. e Triandafyllidou A. (2017). Complex and Dynamic Integration Processes in Europe: Intra EU Mobility and International Migration in Times of Recession. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 43, 4: 546-559; --
  92. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (s.d. ma 2017). Key Concepts on Climate Change and Disaster Displacement; -- (ultima consultazione 10 luglio 2020).
  93. United Nations Secretary General (UNSC) (2020). Policy Brief: COVID-19 and People on the Move; -- (ultima consultazione 11 luglio 2020).
  94. van Amersfoort H., Muus P. e Penninx R. (1984). International Migration, the Economic Crisis and the State: An Analysis of Mediterranean Migration to Western Europe. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 7, 2: 238-268; --
  95. Widmaier W.W., Blyth M. e Seabrooke L. (2007). Exogenous Shocks or Endogenous Constructions? The Meanings of Wars and Crises. International Studies Quarterly, 4, 51: 747-75; --
  96. Wiesböck L., Verwiebe R., Reinprecht C. e Haindorfer R. (2016). The Economic Crisis as a Driver of Cross-Border Labour Mobility? A Multi-Method Perspective on the Case of the Central European Region. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42, 10: 1711-1727; --
  97. Williams H.A., Dunville R.L., Gerber S.I., Erdman D.D., Pesik N., Kuhar D., Mason K.A., Haynes L., Rotz L. e Pierre J.S. (2015). CDC’s early response to a novel viral disease, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV), September 2012-May 2014. Public Health Reports, 130, 4: 307-317.
  98. World Bank (2020). COVID-19 Crisis through a Migration Lens. Migration and Development Brief, no. 32. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank; -- License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
  99. Xiang B. (2020). The Coronavirus and Mobility Forum. Oxford: Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS); --

Ferruccio Pastore, Migration and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Empirical Interactions and Theoretical Implications in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 1/2021, pp. 19-43, DOI:10.3280/MM2021-001002


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content