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La trasformazione del regime globale di mobilità durante la pandemia di COVID-19
Titolo Rivista: MONDI MIGRANTI 
Autori/Curatori: Lorenzo Piccoli 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2021 Fascicolo: 1  Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  16 P. 45-60 Dimensione file:  215 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MM2021-001003
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Questo articolo propone un’analisi preliminare di tre importanti cambiamenti in-dotti dalla pandemia di COVID-19 su quello che è stato definito "il regime globale di mobilità" (Schiller e Salazar, 2013), o l’insieme delle regole e dei meccanismi in-ternazionali di governance che normalizzano gli spostamenti di alcuni viaggiatori e criminalizzano quelli di altri. L’articolo si focalizza sui cambiamenti occorsi in ma-teria di cittadinanza (il livellamento della funzione dei passaporti nazionali), mobi-lità internazionale (l’accesso differenziato agli spostamenti per diverse categorie di persone) e gestione dei confini (l’inasprimento della sorveglianza dei viaggiato-ri). L’articolo mostra che le restrizioni adottate durante la pandemia di COVID-19 hanno sospeso alcuni dei privilegi che caratterizzavano il regime globale di mobili-tà (per esempio, temporaneamente indebolendo la funzione del passaporto degli Stati Uniti d’America come lasciapassare per viaggiare nel resto del mondo), ma hanno anche creato nuovi effetti discriminatori (per esempio, la chiusura dei corri-doi umanitari, la separazione di famiglie e coppie in movimento e il blocco di molti migranti in Paesi dove non avevano pianificato di rimanere). Al momento attuale, è difficile immaginare un rapido ritorno alle regole che disciplinavano la mobilità internazionale prima della pandemia di COVID-19. Questo è il motivo per cui è importante studiare le restrizioni adottate durante la pandemia e comprendere il loro possibile impatto a lungo termine su gruppi differenti della popolazione.


Keywords: Mobilità; migrazione; cittadinanza; confini; COVID-19; governance.

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Lorenzo Piccoli, in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 1/2021, pp. 45-60, DOI:10.3280/MM2021-001003

   

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