Allied emergency war planning for Trieste, 1945-1954: local plans and global context

Author/s Lorenzo Ielen
Publishing Year 2021 Issue 2021/295 Language Italian
Pages 30 P. 9-38 File size 216 KB
DOI 10.3280/IC2021-295001
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Historians have largely neglected the military aspects of the Allied occupation of Trieste from the end of the Second World War to the early 1950s. The aim of this article is to present the initial results of a research exploring this topic. The main focus is on the emergency war plans developed over time by the British and the Americans to meet several potential threats, ranging from a local aggression by Yugoslavia (believed possible at least until the Cominform crisis of 1948) to a full-scale invasion of Southern Europe in the frame of a general war with the Soviet Union. Over time, Allied planning was characterized by different approaches, which were heavily conditioned by the availability of military resources as well as political, geographic, and strategic factors. In order to properly contextualize the policies carried out in Trieste, part of the article focuses on the evolution of British and U.S. global strategic thinking at the beginning of the Cold War.

Keywords: War plans, Allied occupation, Trieste, Austria, Soviet Union, Yugoslavia

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Lorenzo Ielen, La pianificazione d’emergenza alleata per Trieste, 1945-1954: studi strategici locali e contesto globale in "ITALIA CONTEMPORANEA" 295/2021, pp 9-38, DOI: 10.3280/IC2021-295001