Piombino is particularly interesting for deindustrialization studies. The crisis of steel production, which began in the early 1980s, did not lead to the depletion of society. This took place only in the context of the 2008 Great Recession, after which some key problems of Piombino’s development model came to light. This article examines the first phase of economic reconversion (1979-1993), by adopting a historical-political approach. It addresses the following question: how did administrative choices and the high level of social cohesion allow the local Pci and its successors to maintain a solid electoral consensus? In this framework, deindustrialization is seen not as a sign of decline, but rather as a phenomenon full of contradictions, whose outcomes are still unknown.
Keywords: Piombino, Deindustrialization, Pci, Cgil, Steel industry, Social cohesion