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Emergenza da COVID-19 e benessere psico-sociale degli operatori sanitari: una revisione sistematica della letteratura
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Leda Marino, Cristina Curcio, Ilaria Marinaro, Morena Mosca, Vincenza Capone 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2021 Fascicolo: 2  Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  24 P. 76-99 Dimensione file:  283 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2021-002006
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


L’emergenza da COVID-19 pone le organizzazioni sanitarie di fronte ad una sfida e com-porta un sovraccarico lavorativo degli operatori senza precedenti. Medici e infermieri non solo sono stati sovraesposti al rischio contagio, ma si sono ritrovati anche ad affrontare una com-pleta riorganizzazione del lavoro e le poche risorse a disposizione, connesse a nuove modalità di relazione e comunicazione con colleghi e pazienti, l’isolamento, l’utilizzo continuo di DPI, hanno scandito una nuova quotidianità con potenziali conseguenze sul benessere lavorativo e mentale degli operatori stessi. Obiettivo di questo lavoro è stato quello di sistematizzare i prin-cipali studi che hanno indagato il benessere e il malessere degli operatori sanitari durante la pandemia, mediante una revisione sistematica della letteratura. Sono emersi tre nuclei tematici principali: (1) stress lavoro correlato e malessere psicofisico; (2) differenze di ruolo e caratteri-stiche sociodemografiche nel fronteggiamento delle emergenze; (3) training, supporto e forma-zione organizzativa. Differenze sono emerse in termini di ruolo, età e reparti di afferenza. I ri-sultati propongono una riflessione sulle pratiche da impiegare per il sostegno degli operatori sanitari impegnati dell’emergenza COVID-19 e le successive fasi, che tengano conto delle dif-ferenze di genere, del ruolo e del setting professionale. Interventi individuali finalizzati al con-trollo dello stress, supporto di gruppo e una cultura improntata al coinvolgimento sembrereb-bero essere quelli maggiormente efficaci nella prevenzione dei rischi psico-sociali durante la pandemia. Tra i limiti del lavoro, la presenza di studi principalmente cross-sectional e prove-nienti da realtà geografiche e organizzazioni sanitarie molto differenti tra loro.


Keywords: COVID-19; operatori sanitari; stress, burnout, protocolli formativi; rassegna della letteratura.

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Leda Marino, Cristina Curcio, Ilaria Marinaro, Morena Mosca, Vincenza Capone, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2021, pp. 76-99, DOI:10.3280/PDS2021-002006

   

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