Click here to download

Forced migrations for environmental causes and climate change: a socioeconomic analysis
Journal Title: MONDI MIGRANTI 
Author/s: Giuseppina Talamo 
Year:  2021 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  17 Pg. 169-185 FullText PDF:  208 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MM2021-002010
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


In the recent debate, the relationship between the studies of population move-ments caused by climate change or produced by environmental reasons, has ac-quired a renewed centrality within the political and media world and has been the subject of careful analysis by the world scientific. In this work, we intend to focus attention on the fact that the decision to migrate is, very often, conditioned by var-ious factors, such as personal, economic, relationship factors and that the envi-ronmental and climatic aspects can, therefore, be yes. The direct cause of the phe-nomenon, but they can also determine it indirectly, affecting other factors. With this work, therefore, we intend not only to highlight a very current problem, but to demonstrate that also the climatic-environmental aspects, together with other var-iables, can play a role in determining important population movements.
Keywords: migration; environment; climate; poverty; inequalities; policy.

  1. Ambrosini M. (2017). Migrazioni. Milano: Egea.
  2. Black R. (2001). Environmental Refugees: myth or reality? Working Paper, 34. UNHCR: Geneva.
  3. Brown L.R., McGrath P.L. e Stokes B. (1976). Twenty-two dimensions of the population problem. Worldwatch Paper, 5, Worldwatch Institute, Washington (DC).
  4. Burrows K. e Kinney P. (2016). Exploring the climate change, migration and conflict nexus. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 22, 13, 4: 443;, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph1304044.
  5. Castles M. (2002). Environmental Change and Induced Migration: Making Sense of the Dive. New Issues in refugee research. Working Paper, 70.
  6. Cebula e Vedder (1973). A note on Migration, economic opportunity and the quality of life. Journal of Regional Science, 13: 205-212.
  7. Cespi (2010). Focus in migrazioni internazionali. Sezione Osservatorio Mondiale. Roma. Cespi.
  8. EL – Hinnawi (1985). Environmental refugees. UNEP (02)/E52. 9280711032. United Nation: Digital Library.
  9. European Parliament (2011). Climate refugee. Legal and policy responses to environmentally induced migration. Bruxelles: EU.
  10. Ferris E. (2013). Planned relocation and climate change. UNU-EHS. Publication Series. Policy, 8.
  11. Gemenne F., Blocher J., De Longueville F., Perrin N., Vigil S., Zickgraf C. e Ozer P. (2014). Catastrophes, Changement climatique et Déplacements forcés: Dynamiques régionales de mobilité humaine en Afrique de l’Ouest. Nansen Initiative.
  12. Hunter L. (2005). Migration and Environmental Hazards. Population Environment, 26, 4: 273-302;, DOI: 10.1007/s11111-005-3343-x.
  13. IDMC (2019). Global Report on Internal Displacement 2019. Norwegian Refugee Council. Editors: Jeremy Lennard and Rory O’Keeffe.
  14. Kibreab G. (1994). Migration, Environment and Refugeehood, in Environment and Population Change, 115, 116-117 (Basia Zaba & John Clarke eds., 1994).
  15. McAdam J. (2010). Refusing ‘Refuge’ in the Pacific: (De)Constructing Climate-Induced Displacement in International Law Migration. In: Piguet E., Pécoud A. and de Guchteneire P., eds., Migration and Climate Change (pp. 102-137). UNESCO, Paris, 2011.
  16. McGregor J. (1993). Geografia e rifugiati: modelli e processi di cambiamento (pp. 159-170). London: Belhaven Press.
  17. McLeman R. (2013). Climate and Human Migration: Past Experiences, Future Challenges. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 139136938.011., DOI: 10.1017/ CBO9781
  18. McNamara K.E., Bronen R., Fernando N. e Klepp S. (2018). The complex decision-making of climate-induced relocation: adaptation and loss and damage.Climate Policy, 18, 1: 111-117.
  19. Meze-Hausken E. (2000). Migration caused by climate change: How vulnerable are people in dryland areas? Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 5 (2000): 379-406.
  20. Montalbano P. e Talamo G. (2019). Migrazioni ambientali e vulnerabilità: una narrazione alternativa. In: Corso L e Talamo G., a cura di. Vulnerabilità di fronte alle istituzioni e vulnerabilità delle istituzioni. Torino: Giappichelli Editore.
  21. Myers N. (2005). Environmental Refugees: An Emergent Security Issue. 13th Economic Forum. Prague 23-27 May 2005.
  22. Myers N. (2002). Environmental refugees: a growing phenomenon of the 21st century. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B357, 6: 609-613; https:// doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2001.0953.
  23. Myers N. (2001). Environmental Refugees: Our Latest Understanding. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: 356: 16.1-16.5.
  24. Myers N. (1997). Environmental Refugees. Population and Environment, 19, 2: 167-82.
  25. Myers N. (1996). Environmentally-induced displacements: the state of the art. Environmentally-Induced Population Displacements and Environmental Impacts Resulting from Mass Migration. International Symposium, 21-24 April 1996, Geneva: International Organization for Migration with United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and Refugee Policy Group.
  26. Myers N. e Kent J. (2001). Food and Hunger in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Environmentalist, 21: 41-69.
  27. Myers N. e Kent J. (1995). Environmental Exodus: An Emergent Crisis in the Global Arena. Washington, DC: Climate Institute
  28. Lonergan S.P. (1998). The role of Environmental Degradation in Population Displacement. Environmental Change and Security Project report, 4: 5-15.
  29. OIM (2011). The migration-climate change nexus. Conference of the Parties COP 17 and Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP). Ginevra: Oim.
  30. Piguet E., Pecoud A. e De Guchteneire P. (2011). Migration and climate change: an overview. Refugee Survey Quarterly, 30, 3: 1-23; https://doi.org/10.1093/rsq/ hdr006.
  31. Rapporto Europeo (2011). “Climate Refugees” - Legal and Policy Responses to Environmentallu Induced Migration. Policy Department Study
  32. Renaud F., Bogardi J.J., Dun O. e Warner K. (2007). Environmental Degradation and Migration. Berlin Institut Das Online-Handbuch Demografie.
  33. Rieff D. (2002). A Bed for the Night: Humanitarianism in Crisis. New York: Simon & Schuster.
  34. Semple E.C. (1911). Influences of geographic environment. New York: Holt.
  35. Stern N., a cura di (2006). The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
  36. UNEP (1985). Report of the Governing Council. General Assembly. United Nations. New York.
  37. Van der Geest K.A.M. (2011). The Dagara farmer at home and away: migration, environment and development in Ghana. Leiden: African Studies Centre.
  38. Vigil S. (2018). Climate change and migration: Insight from the Sahel. Out of Africa. Why people migrate. edited by Giovanni Carbone introduction by Paolo Magri. ISPI Print ISBN 9788867056699.
  39. Vogt W (1948). Road to survival. New York: Willian Sloane Associates, Inc.
  40. Warner K. (2011). Environmental change and migration: methodological considerations from ground-breaking global survey. Population and Environment, 33, 1: 3-27.
  41. World Bank (2018). Groundswell: Preparing for Internal Climate Migration. World Bank Report.
  42. Zanfrini L. (2016). Introduzione alla Sociologia delle migrazioni. Roma: Laterza.
  43. Zetter R.W. (2010). Protecting People displaced by Climate Change: some Conceptual Challenges. Climate change and displacement. Multidisciplinary perspective. Oxford: McAdam J. Hart Publishing.

Giuseppina Talamo, Forced migrations for environmental causes and climate change: a socioeconomic analysis in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 2/2021, pp. 169-185, DOI:10.3280/MM2021-002010

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content