This essay analyses Nietzsche’s various and complex relation with heroism and his progressive distance from the idea of heroism proposed by both Romanticism and Idea¬lism and their teleology. As far as Nietzsche is concerned, heroism has to be based on a be¬lief and has to be guaranteed metaphysically and theologically speaking. Carlyle’s heroes are particularly criticised by the philosopher - Nietzsche consider them drastically different from Emerson’s - and Wagner’s decadent heroes are disapproved of as well. Nietzsche’s strong critique is also against Lou Salomè. In fact, in the latter Nietzsche initially admired a he¬roic trait because of her anticonformism in her fight against her time and background on¬ly to change his mind later on. Nietzsche also disapproves of Heinrich von Stein’s «heroic ethics». Finally, all these thinkers make Nietzsche definitively affirm «I am the opposite of a heroic nature».
Keywords: Heroism, methaphysical beliefs, ethics and teleology, heroic truthfulness