According to the diagnosis that Zambrano proposes in the Agony of Europe, uto¬pia derives from the idealism constitutive of European history and is the basis of it’s violen¬ce; but utopia is also a display of the principle of hope that the Spanish thinker considers as a manifestation of freedom. Consequently, Zambrano affirms, in agreement with Bloch, the need and responsibility to support hope in desperate times. Utopia, as an opening to the be¬yond/other of history, is the lens through which the exiled thinker revisits, in the 70s, the events of the Spanish Republic and the Civil War. There, she offers an anti-historicist rea¬ding of the past which, recalling Benjamin, intends to redeem the elements contrasting with the order of the winners, and to release it’s unexpressed potential.
Keywords: Utopia, María Zambrano, Walter Benjamin, history of Europe, hope