Sustainability and competitiveness in farms: An evidence of Lazio region agriculture through FADN data analysis
Titolo Rivista: Economia agro-alimentare 
Autori/Curatori: Claudio Liberati, Concetta Cardillo, Antonella Di Fonzo 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2021 Fascicolo: 3 Current use and new perspectives for the Farm Accountancy Data Network Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  0 P. 1-22 Dimensione file:  0 KB
DOI:  10.3280/ecag2021oa12767
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 

 

Articolo Open Access
Clicca qui per vederlo.

The new legislative proposals related to the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform 2021-2027 aim to promote a sustainable and competitive agricultural sector. The new CAP supports agriculture in making a much stronger contribution to climate, biodiversity, environment and improving farms’ competitiveness in the agri-food sector, in a European context.The importance of a strong focus on results and performance in the CAP legislation requires a continuous assessment and monitoring of the effectiveness of the measures adopted in the Rural Development Programs (RDP) with respect to the specific goals set during the cap program. In order to assess the progress in improving the competitiveness and sustainability of the agri-food sector in reaching their targets and the objectives of the CAP, the need arises to investigate whether the RDP measures contribute to supporting the transition towards sustainable agriculture, to the competitiveness of the agri-food sector and to a balanced development of the rural areas. In this new legislative framework, where it becomes important to evaluate whether the CAP provides a much stronger contribution to achieving the specific objectives, our paper aims to describe agricultural sector in the Lazio region and to analyze the effects, in terms of sustainability and competitiveness, of the measures approved by RDP 2014-2020, which have almost expired. In particular, we provide a comparative analysis of the data collected by the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN), focusing on two different periods: one prior to the last programming and one referring to the latest available data. The collected data refer to farms, regarding their structural, economic, financial and patrimonial characteristics, as well as variables that describe attitudes and behaviour towards the environment. A multivariate analysis (clustering) is applied; it focuses on explorative factor analysis based on principal components, in order to identify homogeneous groups of farms with sustainability and competitiveness and identify similar characteristics and potential for development trajectories. The results found that farms are moving towards more sustainable and multifunctional development paths. The assessment of EU goals for social, environmental, and economic sustainability in agriculture and rural areas are a basis for discussion among public decisionmakers involved in the reforming process of the explanatory measures of the new strategic objectives of the post-2020 CAP.Our results can offer a contribution to meeting the current challenges posed by the EU to ensure a smooth transition to the future CAP program. Major challenges that raise policy debate on the considerable potential of the FADN for assessing sustainability and farm competitiveness in the EU framework which places strong emphasis on results and performance.


Keywords:  Rural development; FADN; Sustainable Development; Agricultural economics; Environment

  1. Aceleanu, M.I. (2016). Sustainability and competitiveness of Romanian farms through organic agriculture. Sustainability, 8(3), 245, , DOI: 10.3390/su8030245.
  2. Barnes, A.P. & Thomson, S.G. (2014). Measuring progress towards sustainable intensification: How far can secondary data go? Ecological indicators, 36, 213-220, , DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.07.001.
  3. Bockstaller, C., Guichard, L., Keichinger, O., Girardin, P., Galan, M.B. & Gaillard, G. (2009). Comparison of methods to assess the sustainability of agricultural systems. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 29(1), 223-235, , DOI: 10.1051/agro:2008058.
  4. Buckley, C., Daatselaar, C., Hennessy, T. & Vrolijk, H. (2017). Using the Farm Accountancy Data Network to Develop Nutrient Use Efficiency Indicators for Milk Production. FLINT deliverable 5.2K.
  5. Coppola, A., Ianuario, S., Chinnici, G., Di Vita, G., Pappalardo, G. & D’Amico, M. (2018). Endogenous and exogenous determinants of agricultural productivity: What is the most relevant for the competitiveness of the Italian agricultural systems? Agrison-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, 10(2), 33-47, , DOI: 10.7160/aol.2018.100204.
  6. Coppola, A., Scardera, A., Amato, M. & Verneau, F. (2020). Income levels and farm economic viability in Italian farms: an analysis of FADN data. Sustainability, 12(12), 4898, , DOI: 10.3390/su12124898.
  7. Dabkienė, V. (2016). The scope of farms sustainability tools based on FADN Data. Scientific Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development, 16(1), 121-128.
  8. Darnhofer, I., Bellon, S., Dedieu, B. & Milestad, R. (2010). Adaptiveness to enhance the sustainability of farming systems. A Review Agronomy for sustainable Development, 30(3), 545-555, , DOI: 10.1051/agro/2009053.
  9. Desjeux, Y. & Latruffe, L. (2010). Influence of agricultural policy support on farmers’ technical efficiency: an application to France. In: Asia-Pacific Productivity Conference (APPC 2010) (pp. 12-p).
  10. Diazabakana, A., Latruffe, L., Bockstaller, C., Desjeux, Y., Finn, J., Kelly, E., Ryan, M. & Uthes, S. (2014). A Review of Farm Level Indicators of Sustainability with a Focus on CAP and FADN. Deliverable 1.2 of the EU FP7 project FLINT.
  11. Dillon, E.J., Hennessy, T., Buckley C., Donnellan T., Hanrahan K., Moran B. & Ryan M. (2014). The Sustainable Intensification of the Irish Dairy Sector. Contributed paper presented at the 88th Annual Conference of the Agricultural Economics Society, AgroParisTech, 9-11 April, Paris, France, 17p.
  12. Dillon, E., Hennessy, T., Buckley, C., Donnellan, T., Hanrahan, K., Moran, B. & Ryan, M. (2016). Measuring progress in agricultural sustainability to support policy making. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 14(1), 31-44, , DOI: 10.1080/14735903.2015.1012413.
  13. Dolman, M.A., Sonneveld, M.P.W., Mollenhorst, H. & De Boer, I.J.M. (2014). Benchmarking the economic, environmental and societal performance of Dutch dairy farms aiming at internal recycling of nutrients. Journal of Cleaner Production, 73, 245-252, , DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.02.043.
  14. Dos Santos, M.J.P.L. (2016). Smart cities and urban areas – Aquaponics as innovative urban agriculture. Urban forestry & urban greening, 20, 402-406, , DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2016.10.004.
  15. Dos Santos, M.J.P.L. (2018). Nowcasting and forecasting aquaponics by Google Trends in European countries. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 134, 178-185, , DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2018.06.002.
  16. European Commission (2018). Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council Amending Regulations (EU) No 1308/2013 Establishing a Common Organisation of the Markets in Agricultural Products, (EU) No 1151/2012 on quality schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs, (EU) No 251/2014 on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection
  17. of geographical indications of aromatised wine products, (EU) No 228/2013 laying down specific measures for agriculture in the outermost regions of the Union and (EU) No 229/2013 laying down specific measures for agriculture in favour of the smaller Aegean islands. Publications Office of the European Union.
  18. Farah, A.B. & Gómez-Ramos, A. (2014). Competitiveness vs. sustainability: an assessment of profitability as a component of an approach on “sustainable competitiveness” in extensive farming systems of Central Spain. Sustainability, 6(11), 8029-8055, , DOI: 10.3390/su6118029.
  19. Figuieres, C., Guyomard, H. & Rotillon, G. (2007). Une brève analyse économique orthodoxe du concept de développement durable. Économierurale. Agricultures, alimentations, territoires, (300), 79-84, , DOI: 10.4000/economierurale.2228.
  20. Gerrard, C.L., Padel, S. & Moakes, S. (2012). The use of Farm Business Survey data to compare the environmental performance of organic and conventional farms. International Journal of Agricultural Management, 2(1), 5-16.
  21. Gillespie, P. & Thorne, F., (2016). Review of the competitiveness of the Irish Dairy Sector at Farm Level. In: Presentation at Teagasc Outlook Economic Prospects for Agriculture. November 29, rds Dublin Ireland.
  22. Guth, M., Smędzik-Ambroży, K., Czyżewski, B. & Stępień, S. (2020). The economic sustainability of farms under common agricultural policy in the european union countries. Agriculture, 10(2), 34, , DOI: 10.3390/agriculture10020034.
  23. Hennessy, T. & Kinsella, A. (2013). 40 Years of Irish Farming Since Joining the European Union: A Journey with the Teagasc National Farm Survey 1972 to 2012. Rural Economy and Development Programme, Teagasc.
  24. Jambu, M. & Lebeaux, M. (1983). Cluster analysis and data analysis. New York: Elsevier Science Pub.
  25. Kelly, E., Latruffe, L., Desjeux, Y., Ryan, M., Uthes, S., Diazabakana, A., … & Finn, J. (2018). Sustainability indicators for improved assessment of the effects of agricultural policy across the EU: Is FADN the answer? Ecological indicators, 89, 903-911, , DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.12.053.
  26. Läpple, D., Renwick, A. & Thorne, F. (2015). Measuring and understanding the drivers of agricultural innovation: Evidence from Ireland. Food policy, 51, 1-8, , DOI: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2014.11.003.
  27. Latruffe, L., Fogarasi, J. & Desjeux, Y. (2012). Efficiency, productivity and technology comparison for farms in Central and Western Europe: The case of field crop and dairy farming in Hungary and France. Economic Systems, 36(2), 264-278, , DOI: 10.1016/j.ecosys.2011.07.002.
  28. Latruffe, L. & Piet, L. (2014). Does land fragmentation affect farm performance? A case studyfrom Brittany, France. Agricultural Systems, 129, 68-80, , DOI: 10.1016/j.agsy.2014.05.005.
  29. Latruffe, L. & Desjeux, Y. (2016). Common Agricultural Policy support, technical efficiency and productivity change in French agriculture. Review of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Studies, 97(1), 15-28, , DOI: 10.1007/s41130-016-0007-4.
  30. Lebacq, T., Baret, P.V. & Stilmant, D. (2013). Sustainability indicators for livestock farming. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 33, 311-327, , DOI: 10.1007/s13593-012-0121-x.
  31. Letty, B., Shezi, Z. & Mudhara, M. (2012). An exploration of agricultural grassroots innovation in South Africa and implications for innovation indicator development. UNU-MERIT Publisher.
  32. Liberati, C. & Di Fonzo, A. (2020). L’agricoltura nel Lazio in cifre, 2020. Roma: CREA, Centro di ricerca Politiche e Bioeconomia. -- Avaiable on www.crea.gov.it.
  33. Longhitano, D., Bodini, A., Povellato, A. & Scardera, A. (2012). Assessing farm sustainability. An application with the Italian FADN sample. In: 1st AIEAA Conference ‘Towards a Sustainable Bio-economy: Economic Issues and Policy Challenges’, June 4-5, Trento Italy (pp. 4-5).
  34. Mari F. (2005). Valutazione delle politiche agroambientali. Estimo e territorio, 7/8, 11-24.
  35. Meulenberg, M. (2003). Consumer and citizen, meaning for the market of agricultural products and food products. TSL, 18, 43-56 (In Dutch).
  36. Pesti, C., & Keszthelyi, S. (2009) Additional environmental data in Hungarian FADN – analysis of crop farms. Report No. 2009-085, Landbouw-EconomischInstituut (LEI), 86-93.
  37. Pingault, N. (2007). Indicateurs de développement durable: un outils de diagnostic et d’aide à la decision [Sustainable development indicators: a tool for diagnosis and decision-making]. Notes et Etudes Économiques, 28, 7-43.
  38. Poppe, K. & Vrolijk, H. (2017). Farm sustainability data for better policy evaluation with FADN, 2017, 2017-061, Eds Wageningen Economic Research.
  39. Ryan, M., Hennessy, T., Buckley, C., Dillon, E.J., Donnellan, T., Hanrahan, K. & Moran, B. (2016). Developing farm-level sustainability indicators for Ireland using the Teagasc National Farm Survey. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research, 55(2), 112-125, , DOI: 10.1515/ijafr-2016-0011.
  40. Russo, C. & Sabbatini, M. (1998). Implicazioni della proposta agenda 2000 sulla distribuzione aziendale dell’aiuto ai seminativi: un’analisi per tipologia e territorio. In aa .vv . Rapporto 1997 sull’agricoltura. Documenti CNEL, Roma.
  41. Russo, C. & Sabbatini, M. (2002). Assessing agricolture environmental impact: a cluster analysis approach. Atti del Convegno Ariadne 2002, Creta, Novembre.
  42. Russo, C. (2014). Il posizionamento strategico delle aziende agricole italiane: una mappa concettuale basata sui risultati del VI Censimento Generale dell’Agricoltura. Il posizionamento strategico delle aziende agricole italiane: una mappa concettuale basata sui risultati del VI Censimento Generale dell’Agricoltura, 5-35.
  43. Samson, E., Van der Werf, H.M., Dupraz, P., Ruas, J.F. & Corson, M.S. (2012). Estimer les impacts environnementaux des systèmes de production agricole par analyse de cycle de vie avec les données du Réseau d’information comptable agricole (RICA) français. Cahiers Agricultures, 21(4), 248-257, , DOI: 10.1684/agr.2012.0581.
  44. Scozzafava, G. & Casini, L. (2012). The new common agricultural policy: Effects at farm and territorial scale in Tuscany | Analisi degli effetti a livello aziendale e territoriale della nuova politica agricola comunitaria: Il caso della Toscana. Economia agro-Alimentare, 14(1), 249-271, , DOI: 10.3280/ECAG2012-001012.
  45. Smędzik-Ambroży, K., Guth, M., Stępień, S. & Brelik, A. (2019). The influence of the European Union’s common agricultural policy on the socio-economic sustainability of farms (the case of Poland). Sustainability, 11(24), 7173, , DOI: 10.3390/su11247173.
  46. Sulewski, P. & Kłoczko-Gajewska, A. (2018). Development of the sustainability index of farms based on surveys and FADN sample. Problems of Agricultural Economics, 3(356), 32-56, , DOI: 10.30858/zer/94474.
  47. Sulewski, P., Kłoczko-Gajewska, A. & Sroka, W. (2018). Relations between agrienvironmental, economic and social dimensions of farms’ sustainability. Sustainability, 10(12), 4629, , DOI: 10.3390/su10124629.
  48. Tait, J. & Morris, D. (2000). Sustainable development of agricultural systems: competing objectives and critical limits. Futures, 32(3-4), 247-260, , DOI: 10.1016/S0016-3287(99)00095-6.
  49. Toth, C. (2012). Farm structure and competitiveness in agriculture. Paper presented at the 132nd Seminar of the eaae (European Association of Agricultural Economists), Is Transition in European Agriculture Really Over?, Skopje, 25-27 October.
  50. United Nations. Integrating the Three Dimensions of Sustainable Development: A Framework and Tools; Greening of Economic Growth Series; United Nations: New York, NY, USA, 2015.
  51. Van der Meulen, H.A.B., Dolman, M.A., Jager, J.H., Venema, G.S. (2014). The impact of farm size on sustainability of Dutch dairy farms. International Journal of Agricultural Management, 3(2), 119-123, , DOI: 10.5836/ijam/2014-02-07.
  52. Van Passel, S. & Meul, M. (2012). Multilevel and multi-user sustainability assessment of farming systems. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 32(1), 170-180, , DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2011.08.005.
  53. Vitunskienė, V. & Dabkienė, V. (2014). Comparative assessment of farm sustainability in Lithuanian regions. Economics and management: current issues and perspectives, 3(35), 51-66.
  54. Vitunskiene, V. & Dabkiene, V. (2016). Framework for assessing the farm relative sustainability: a Lithuanian case study. Agricultural Economics, 62(3), 134-148, , DOI: 10.17221/125/2015-AGRICECON.
  55. Vrolijk, H., Poppe, K. & Keszthelyi, S. (2016). Collecting sustainability data in different organisational settings of the European Farm Accountancy Data Network. Studies in Agricultural Economics, 118(3), 138-144, , DOI: 10.7896/j.1626.
  56. Westbury, D.B., Park, J.R., Mauchline, A.L., Crane, R.T. & Mortimer, S.R. (2011). Assessing the environmental performance of English arable and livestock holdings using data from the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN). Journal of Environmental Management, 92(3), 902-909, , DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.10.051.
  57. Zhu, X., Karagiannis, G. & Oude Lansink, A. (2011). The impact of direct income transfers of cap on Greek olive farms’ performance: using a non‐monotonic inefficiency effects model. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 62(3), 630-638, , DOI: 10.1111/j.1477-9552.2011.00302.x.

Claudio Liberati, Concetta Cardillo, Antonella Di Fonzo, in "Economia agro-alimentare" 3/2021, pp. 1-22, DOI:10.3280/ecag2021oa12767

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche