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Quando l’‘eccezione’ deve essere la regola. A proposito della nozione di dovere largo in Kan
Autori/Curatori:  Beatrice Centi 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2021 Fascicolo: 72  Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  16 P. 45-60 Dimensione file:  102 KB
DOI:  10.3280/LAS2021-072004
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The metaphysics of morals (1797) states that one’s own perfection and the happiness of others are the ends that are also duties. In difficult circumstances, different actions can put into practice the maxims which promote these ends. In complex situations it is particularly difficult to find a way of doing actions from duty but, in according to kantian ethics, it is always necessary to find a way of applying the principle of virtue, of acting from duty, in the cases that come up in experience. Whereas from a juridical point of view the duty - as narrow duty - is the concept of an external constraint, from the ethical point of view the duty - as wide duty - is the concept of a self-constraint, which shows the freedom and the autonomy of the person. The duty of one’s own perfection consists in cultivation of human faculties, in raising from the state of nature toward humanity, in making the reason the ground determining free will to action. Culture makes it possibile both to find the way of acting in very difficult situations, and to consider such action from duty: the critique of human actions and motivations is a methodological contribution that ethics can offer to bioethics.
Keywords: Wide duty, happiness, application of a maxim, culture, freedom

Beatrice Centi, in "SOCIETÀ DEGLI INDIVIDUI (LA)" 72/2021, pp. 45-60, DOI:10.3280/LAS2021-072004


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