The autobiographical roots of Alfred Adler’s Individual Psychology

Author/s Cesare Romano
Publishing Year 2022 Issue 2022/1 Language Italian
Pages 20 P. 37-56 File size 342 KB
DOI 10.3280/PU2022-001007
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

Starting from the acknowledgment that a researcher’s emotional life and personal history may affect his theoretical constructs, it is argued, according to some autobiographical memories of Al-fred Adler, that his childhood illness affected the theoretical construction of his Individual Psy-chology: in particular, organ inferiority, will to power, and masculine protest. Such key aspects of his personal theory lead us to think that his childhood experiences largely molded his theorizing. It is also hypothesized that the rivalry with his eldest brother Sigmund shaped his rivalry towards Freud.

Keywords: Alfred Adler; Childhood memories; Individual Psychology; Freud; Vienna psychoanalytical society

  1. Adler A. (1907). Studie über die Minderwertigkeit von Organen. Wien: Urban & Schwarzenberg (trad. inglese: Study of Organ Inferiority and Its Psychical Compensation. A Contribution to Clinical Medicine. New York: Nervous & Mental Diseases Publishing Company, 1917; trad. it.: Inferiorità e compenso psichico. Un contributo alla medicina clinica. Sesto San Giovanni [MI]: Mimesis, 2013).
  2. Adler A. (1908). Der Aggressionstrieb im Leben und in der Neurose. Fortschritte der Medezin, 26: 577-584. Anche in: Heilen und Bilden: ärztlich-pädagogische Arbeiten des Vereins für Individualpsychologie (a cura di Alfred Adler e Carl Furtmüller). München: Reinhardt, 1914, pp. 23-33 (trad. it. in: Ansbacher & Ansbacher, 1956).
  3. Adler A. (1910). Der Psychische Hermaphroditismus im Leben und in Neurose. Fortschritte der Medizin, 28: 486-493.
  4. Adler A. (1912). Über den Nervösen Charakter; Grundzüge einer vergleichenden Individual-Psychologie und Psychotherapie. Wiesbaden: Bergmann; 4th Edition: München: Bergmann, 1928 (trad. inglese: The Neurotic Constitution. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co, 1926; trad. it.: Il temperamento nervoso. Roma: Astrolabio, 1950).
  5. Adler A. (1920). Praxis und Theorie der Individual-Psychologie; Vortrage zur Einführung in die Psychotherapie für Ärzte, Psychologen und Lehrer. München: Bergmann (trad. inglese: Practice and Theory of Individual Psychology. New York: Harcourt, Brave & Co., 1927; trad. it.: Prassi e teoria della Psicologia Individuale. Roma: Astrolabio, 1957).
  6. Adler A. (1928). Menschenkenntnis. Leipzig: Hirzel (trad. inglese: Understanding Human Nature. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1929; trad. it.: Conoscenza dell’uomo. Milano: Mondadori, 1954).
  7. Adler A. (1929). The science of Living. New York: Greenberg. Ristampato col titolo Understanding Life. Oxford, UK: Oneworld, 1997.
  8. Adler A. (1930). The Education of Children. New York: Geenberg Publisher; London: George Allen & Unwin; London: Routledge, 2015.
  9. Adler A. (1933). Der Sinn des Lebens. Wien: Rolf Passer (trad. it.: Il senso della vita. Novara: De Agostini, 1990; Roma: Newton Compton, 1997).
  10. Adler A. (1937a). Significance of early recollections. International Journal of Individual Psychology, 3: 283-287. Anche in: Carlson & Maniacci, 2012, pp. 307-311.
  11. Adler A. (1937b). How position in the family constellation influences life-style. International Journal of Individual Psychology, 3: 211-227.
  12. Ansbacher H.L. & Ansbacher R. (1956). The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler. A Systematic Presentation in Selections from His Writings. New York: Basic Books (trad. it.: La psicologia individuale di Alfred Adler. Il pensiero di Alfred Adler attraverso una selezione dei suoi scritti. Firenze: Martinelli, 1997).
  13. Ansbacher H.L. (1973). Adler’s interpretation of early recollections: Historical account. Journal of Individual Psychology, 29, 2: 135-145.
  14. Bottome Ph. (1939a). Alfred Adler, Apostle of Freedom. London: Faber & Faber. Second Edition: Plymouth, UK: Latimer Trend & Co., 1946; Third Edition: London: Faber & Faber, 1957.
  15. Bottome Ph. (1939b). Alfred Adler. A Biography. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons.
  16. Bottome Ph. (1957). Alfred Adler: A Portrait from life. New York: Vangard Press.
  17. Buckley P. (1999). Personal history and the origins of psychoanalytic ideas. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 47, 4: 1391-1409. DOI: 10.1177/000306519904700420
  18. Carlson J. & Maniacci M.P. (2012). Alfred Adler Revisited. London: Routledge.
  19. Clifford M. (2017). Four events in the life of John Bowlby: Their contribution to the development of attachment theory. Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis Journal, 11, 1: 51-72.
  20. Ellenberger H. F. (1970). The Discovery of the Unconscious. The History and Evolution of Dynamic Psychiatry. New York: Basic Books (trad. it.: La scoperta dell’inconscio. Storia della psichiatria dinamica. Torino: Boringhieri, 1976).
  21. Ferrigno G., Berselli C., Canzano C., Coppi P., Di Ottavio G., Manzotti G., Marasco E.E., Tintori S. & Volpe C, a cura di (2006). Alfred Adler nei Verbali della “Società Psicoanalitica di Vienna” (1906-1911). Quaderni della Rivista di Psicologia Individuale (Torino: SIPI, 2006): --
  22. Freud S. (1908-39). Corrispondenza con Ernest Jones (2 volumi). Torino: Bollati Boringhieri 2001.
  23. Freud S. (1914). Per la storia del movimento psicoanalitico. Opere, 7: 377-438. Torino: Boringhieri, 1975.
  24. Freud S. (1920). Al di là del principio di piacere. Opere, 9: 189-249. Torino: Boringhieri, 1977.
  25. Freud S. (1929 [1930]). Il disagio della civiltà. Opere, 10: 555-630. Torino: Boringhieri, 1978.
  26. Freud S. (1887-1904). The Complete Letters of Sigmund Freud to Wilhelm Fliess, 1887-1904 (Masson J.M., editor). Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1985 (trad. it.: Lettere a Wilhelm Fliess, 1887-1904. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1986).
  27. Freud S. & Jung C.G. (1906-13). Lettere tra Freud e Jung, 1906-1913. Torino: Boringhieri, 1974.
  28. Jones E. (1953-57). The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud (3 volumes). New York: Basic Books, 1953 (vol. I), 1955 (vol. II), 1957 (vol. III) (trad. it.: Vita e opere di Freud. Milano: Il Saggiatore, 1962).
  29. Kaufmann W. (1980). Discovering the Mind. Vol. 3: Freud versus Adler and Jung. New York, McGraw-Hill.
  30. Lin K.M. (2021). Wounded Healers. Triumphs and Tribulations of Pioneering Psychotherapists. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  31. Nietzsche F. (1886). Jenseits von Gut und Böse. Zur Genealogie der Moral. Leipzig: Naumann, 1891 (trad. it.: Al di là del bene e del male. Milano: Adelphi, 2007).
  32. Orgler H. (1956). Alfred Adler. Der Mann und Sein Werk. Wien: Urban & Schwarzenberg (trad. it.: Alfred Adler e la sua opera. Roma: Astrolabio, 1970).
  33. Puner H.W. (1949). Freud: His Life and His Mind: A Biography. London: The Grey Walls Press.
  34. Rattner J. (1970). Alfred Adler in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1972 (trad. it.: Alfred Adler. Testimonianze e documentazioni fotografiche. Firenze: Emmebi, 2011).
  35. Roazen P. (1975). Freud and His Followers. New York: Knopf (trad. it.: Freud e i suoi seguaci. Torino: Einaudi, 1998).
  36. Sperber M. (1970). Alfred Adler oder das Elend der Psychologie. Wien: Fritz Molden (trad. francese: Alfred Adler et la Psychologie Individuelle. Paris: Gallimard, 1972; trad. inglese: Masks of Loneliness. Alfred Adler in Perspective. New York: Macmillian, 1974).
  37. Stekel W. (2013). The Autobiography of Wilhelm Stekel. The Life Story of a Pioneer Psychoanalyst. London: Read Books.
  38. Stepansky P.E. (1983) In Freud’s Shadow. Adler in Context. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press; New York: Routledge, 2012.
  39. Sulloway F.J. (1996). Born to Rebel: Birth Order, Family Dynamics, and Creative Lives. New York: Pantheon (trad. it.: Fratelli maggiori, fratelli minori: come la competizione tra fratelli determina la personalità. Milano: Mondadori, 1998).

  • Interventi: Alfred Adler e la Psicologia Individuale tra semplificazioni e complessità Giansecondo Mazzoli, in PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE 1/2022 pp.57
    DOI: 10.3280/PU2022-001008
  • Interventi: La Psicologia Individuale di Adler non è altro che autorispecchiamento? Giorgio Meneguz, in PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE 1/2022 pp.62
    DOI: 10.3280/PU2022-001009
  • Adler sul lettino analitico di Procuste. Intervento sull'articolo di Cesare Romano "Le radici autobiografiche della Psicologia Individuale di Alfred Adler" A cura della Redazione, in PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE 2/2022 pp.293
    DOI: 10.3280/PU2022-002006

Cesare Romano, Le radici autobiografiche della Psicologia Individuale di Alfred Adler in "PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE" 1/2022, pp 37-56, DOI: 10.3280/PU2022-001007