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Modelli di parenting multipli e benessere interpersonale. Una rassegna teorica sull’evoluzione del sistema motivazionale diadico verso il network dell’accudimento
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Monica Tosto, Aluette Merenda, Alessandra Salerno 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2016 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  19 P. 64-82 Dimensione file:  293 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2016-003004
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Il presente contributo ha come oggetto un’analisi teorica sull’evoluzione del modello di parenting diadico verso la prospettiva degli attaccamenti multipli. In particolare, andando oltre la prospettiva monotropica (Bowlby, 1969), viene evidenziata una linea teorica che delinea il modello dell’integrazione a sostegno dell’ipotesi dell’elasticità degli Internal Working Models. Sulla base di tali studi, la continuità nella qualità delle rappresentazioni d’attaccamento rimarrebbe in funzione anche delle trasformazioni che interessano l’ambiente di accudimento, nei suoi aspetti di rischio e protezione e rispetto ai livelli diadici, familiari e sociali in cui è organizzato. Si delinea piuttosto il network dell’accudimento, un sistema dinamico in continua evoluzione attraversato da mutamenti interni ed influenzato da cambiamenti intersociali e culturali. Le implicazioni cliniche e quelle sul benessere interpersonale possono intravedersi, ad esempio, in quei contesti familiari in cui l’avere vissuto esperienze traumatiche o stabilito relazioni insicure con le figure parentali può essere compensato dagli effetti positivi di una relazione d’attaccamento funzionale (secure) con caregivers diversi. In accordo con i presupposti teorici e le verifiche empiriche del modello dell’integrazione, la bontà dei modelli operativi materni dell’accudimento non può pertanto essere ritenuta la determinante univoca dello sviluppo infantile. Si può ipotizzare, invece, che la sicurezza infantile emerga dall’esperienza di un network di caregivers caratterizzati da rappresentazioni prevalentemente secure e balanced. Ciò darebbe forma ad un contesto di cura in cui è più probabile che ciascuno individuo sperimenti la sensibilità e la responsività necessarie a sostenere la propria crescita socio-emotiva.


Keywords: Network accudimento, attaccamenti multipli, parenting, integrazione, benessere interpersonale

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