The Familiar Well-Being of the Working Carers that Use FamilyAudit Measures

Author/s Elena Macchioni, Matteo Orlandini, Valerio Vanelli
Publishing Year 2018 Issue 2017/3 Language Italian
Pages 19 P. 73-91 File size 269 KB
DOI 10.3280/SP2017-003005
DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation click here

Below, you can see the article first page

If you want to buy this article in PDF format, you can do it, following the instructions to buy download credits

Article preview

FrancoAngeli is member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc (PILA), a not-for-profit association which run the CrossRef service enabling links to and from online scholarly content.

The working carers deserve an increasing attention by welfare regimes and workplaces. Using the work family interface approach, We analyse the effects of FamilyAudit workplace measures - an Italian worklife balance policy - on the familiar well-being. The research has been carried out through a CAWI survey, addressed to the employees of the organizations that participate in the policy programme in 2012. The results show that the measures implemented by companies are able to improve the employees’ familiar well-being. The more effective ones are characterized by high levels of flexibility and personalization. These features allow to reduce the negative effects produced by some socio-biographic variables and some work-related aspects).

Keywords: Work-Family Balance; FamilyAudit; Work-Family Interface; Corporate Welfare.

  1. Abendroth, A.K. and den Dulk, L. 2011. Support for the work-life balance in Europe: the impact of state, workplace and family support on work-life balance satisfaction. Work, employment and society, 25(2) 234–256.
  2. Barnett, R. C., and Hyde, J. S. 2001. Women, men, work, and family. American Psychologist, 56, 781–796.
  3. Barbaranelli, C. 2003. Analisi dei dati. Tecniche multivariate per la ricerca psicologica e sociale. Milano: LED – Edizioni Universitarie di Lettere Economia e Diritto.
  4. Becker, G. S. 1981. Altruism in the family and selfishness in the market place. Economica, 48(189), 1–15.
  5. Blood, R. O., and Wolfe, D. M. 1960. Husbands and Wives: The Dynamics of M arried Living. New York, NY: Free Press.
  6. Byron, D. 2005. A meta-analytic review of work-family conflict and its antecedents. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 67, 169–198.
  7. Brough, P. and O’Driscoll, M.P. 2010. Organizational interventions for balancing work and home demands: An overview. Work & Stress, 24(3), 280-297.
  8. Ciarini, A. e Lucciarini, S. 2015. Il welfare aziendale in Italia. Sociologia del lavoro,139, pp. 43-55.
  9. Ciuffetti, A. 2012, L’azione sociale d’impresa nella storia dell’Italia contemporanea. La Rivista delle Politiche Sociali, 3, 37-49.
  10. Coltrane, S. 2000. Research on household labor: Modeling and measuring the social embeddedness of routine family work. Journal of Marriage & Family, 62, 1208–1233.
  11. Corbetta, P., Gasperoni, G. e Pisati, M. 2001. Statistica per la ricerca sociale, Bologna: Il Mulino.
  12. Corposanto, C. 2000. Tecniche del sondaggio d'opinione. Trieste: LINT.
  13. Correll, S. J., Benard, S. and Paik, I. 2007. Getting a job: Is there a motherhood penalty? American Journal of Sociology, 112, 1297–1338.
  14. Craig, L. and Mullan, K. 2010. Parenthood, gender and work-family time in the United States, Australia, Italy, France, and Denmark. Journal of Marriage & Family, 72, 1344–1361.
  15. De Simone, S., Lampis, J., Lasio, D., Serri, F., Cicotto, G. and Putzu, D. 2014. Influences of Work-Family Interface on Job and Life Satisfaction, Applied Research Quality Life, 9, 831–861.
  16. Esping-Andersen, G. 1999. Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
  17. — 2016. Families in the 21st Century. Stockholm: SNS.
  18. Estes, S. B., Noonan, M. C., and Maume, D. J. 2007. Is work-family policy use related to the gendered division of housework? Journal of Family & Economic Issues, 28, 527–545.
  19. European Commission. 2015. Measures to address the challenges of work-life balance in the EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, Bruxelles.
  20. Frone, M. R. 2003. Work-family Balance. In J. Campbell and L. E. Tetrick Eds. Handbook of Occupational Health Psychology, pp. 143–162. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  21. Gerson, K. 2010. The Unfinished Revolution: How a New Generation is Reshaping Family, Work, and Gender in America. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  22. Greenhaus, J.H. and Beutell, N.J. 1985. Sources of conflict between work and family roles. The Academy of Management Review, 10, 76-88.
  23. Greenhaus, J.H. and Powell, G.N. 2006. When work and family are allies: a theory of work-family enrichment, Academy of Management Review, 31(1): 72–92.
  24. Hochschild, A. R. 1989. The Second Shift. Working Parents and the Revolution at Home. New York, NY: Viking Press.
  25. Hodges, M. J. and Budig, M. J. 2010. Who gets the daddy bonus? Organizational hegemonic masculinity and the impact of fatherhood on earnings. Gender & Society, 24, 717–745.
  26. Hook, J. L. 2006. Care in context: Men’s unpaid work in 20 countries, 1965–2003. American Sociological Review, 71, 639–660.
  27. Hook, J.L. 2010. Gender Inequality in the Welfare State: Sex Segregation in Housework, 1965-2003. American Journal of Sociology, 115: 1480-1523.
  28. Ireson, R., Sethi, B. and Williams, A. 2016. Availability of caregiver-friendly workplace policies: an international scoping review. Health and Social Care in the Community, 6(1):e1-e14.
  29. Istat. 2014. Rilevazione sulle forze di lavoro.
  30. Istat. 2016. I tempi della vita quotidiana.
  31. Kelly, E.L., Kosse, E.E., Hammer, L.B., Durham, M., Bray, J., Chermack, K., Murphy, L.A. and Kaskubar, S. 2008. Getting There from Here: Research on the Effects of Work–Family Initiatives on Work–Family Conflict and Business Outcomes. Academic Management Annual, 2, 305-349.
  32. Kröger, T. and Yeandle, S. 2013. Combining Paid Work and Family Care: Policies and Experiences in International Perspective. Bristol: Policy Press.
  33. Lachance-Grzela, M. and Bouchard, G. 2010. Why do women do the lion’s share of housework? A decade of research. Sex Roles, 63, 767–780.
  34. Neal, M.B. and Hammer, L.B. 2007. Working Couples Caring for Children and Aging Parents: Effects on Work and Well-being. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  35. Macchioni, E. 2014. Culture e pratiche di welfare aziendale. Dalla responsabilità alla cittadinanza d’impresa. Milano-Udine, Mimesis Edizioni.
  36. Malfer, L. 2012. Family Audit: la nuova frontiera del noi. Linee guida per la certificazione aziendale. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  37. Malfer, L., Cittadino, C., Franch, M., e Prandini, R. 2014. Family Audit: la certificazione familiare aziendale. Analisi di impatto. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  38. Parsons, T. 1949. The Social Structure of the Family. In R Anshen Ed. The Family: Its Function and Destiny, pp. 173–201. New York: Harper & Brothers.
  39. Patterson, M. Warr, M. and West, P. 2004. Organizational climate and company productivity: The role of employee affect and employee level. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 77(2), 193-216.
  40. Pavolini, E., Ascoli, U. e Mirabile, M.L. 2013. Tempi moderni. Il welfare nelle aziende in Italia. Bologna: Il Mulino.
  41. Pfau- Effinger, B. 2012. Le basi culturali delle politiche per la famiglia negli anni 1950 e 1960 e il ruolo dei valori religiosi. Sociologia e Politiche Sociali, 15(2), pp. 75-90.
  42. Poeschl, G. (2008). Social norms and the feeling of justice about unequal family practices. Social Justice Research, 21, 69–85.
  43. Powell, G.N.; Francesco, A. M. and Ling, A. 2009. Toward culture-sensitive theories of the work–family interface. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 30, pp. 597-616.
  44. ProWelfare. 2013. Providing Welfare through Social Dialogue: a New Role for Social Partners? Executive Summary. Results of the Comparative Analysis of Voluntary Occupational Welfare.
  45. Raley, S., Mattingly, M. and Bianchi, S. 2006. How dual are dual income couples? Documenting change from 1970 to 2001. Journal of Marriage & Family, 68, 11–28.
  46. Ramesch, S., Ireson, R. e Williams, A. (2017), International synthesis and case study examination of promising caregiver-friendly workplaces, Social sciences and Medicine, 177, 52-60
  47. Riva, E. 2013. Workplace work-family interventions, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 33(9/10), 565 -578.
  48. Ropponen, A., Känsälä, M., Rantanen, J. and Toppinen-Tanner, S. 2016. Organizational Initiatives for Promoting Employee Work-Life Reconciliation Over the Life Course. A Systematic Review of Intervention Studies, Nordic Journal of Working life studies, 6(3), 79-100.
  49. Russo, M., Ollier-Malaterre, A, and Kossek, E.E. 2015. What's good for romance and career? An analysis of professional couples’ work-family boundary management likeness versus completeness in Italy. Working Paper, Research Seminar, November2015. Bologna: Alma Mater Studiorum.
  50. Sahibzada, K., Hammer, L.B., Neal, M.N. and Kuang, D.C. 2005. The Moderating Effects of Work-Family Role Combinations and Work-Family Organizational Culture on the Relationship Between Family-Friendly Workplace Supports and Job Satisfaction. Journal of Family Issues, 26(6), 820-839
  51. Saraceno, C. 2011. Beyond Care. The Persistent Invisibility of Unpaid Family Work. Sociologica, 1, 1-16.
  52. Shelton, B. A. and John, D. 1996. The division of household labor. Annual Review of Sociology, 22, 299–322.
  53. Shockley, K. M. and Shen, W. 2016. Couple Dynamics: Division of Labor, in T.D. Allen, L.T. Eby, The Oxford Handbook of Work and Family.
  54. Singley, S. G. andHynes, K. 2005. Transitions to parenthood: Work-family policies, gender, and the couple context. Gender & Society, 19, 376–397.
  55. Sloan Work and Family Research Network. 2008. Gender and the Use of Workplace Policies: A Sloan Work and Family Research Network fact sheet.
  56. Staff, J. and Mortimer, J. 2012. Explaining the motherhood wage penalty during the early occupational career. Demography, 49(1), 1-21.
  57. Vuksan, M., Williams, A. and Crooks, V. 2012, Family friendly policies: accommodating end-of-life caregivers in workplaces. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 5(1), 4-14.

Elena Macchioni, Matteo Orlandini, Valerio Vanelli, Il benessere familiare tra i Working Carer che usano misure di Familyaudit in "SOCIOLOGIA E POLITICHE SOCIALI" 3/2017, pp 73-91, DOI: 10.3280/SP2017-003005