Click here to download

Il luogo logico dell’io entro la mappa cognitiva del Tractatus di Wittgenstein
Author/s: Luciano Bazzocchi 
Year:  2013 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  32 Pg. 273-304 FullText PDF:  601 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SF2013-002004
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

Wittgenstein’s Tractatus has a tree-like form and requires a coherent topdown reading. Every remark has to be placed at the specific point assigned to it on the tree of the Tractatus, starting from the very first page containing a significant chain of seven cardinal propositions. The theme of solipsism and the self can be elucidated by means of a cognitive map, where each proposition becomes a node on a hierarchical graph. In fact, the difficulty in understanding group 5.6 on "the limits of my language" is due to a consecutive reading of propositions 5.5571 / 5.6, 5.634 / 5.64, etc. As confirmed by a close philological examination of his diaries and of manuscript MS104, these erroneous combinations of remarks hide the real development of Wittgenstein’s thinking. In contrast, the cognitive tree shows that the problem of the limits of language and world springs from a rigorous analysis of the way in which "logic fills the world" (line 5.1, 5.5, 5.6); that the relationship between the ego and the world does explain why solipsism and realism "coincide" (5.63, 5.64); that Wittgenstein’s elimination of any extra-logic a priori includes Kantian forms of phenomena (5.633, 5.634); and so on. Proposition 5.6331, with its picture showing a deceptive representation of the visual field, reveals the real focus, that is the actual shape of the field of vision (metaphor of the phenomenological world). This is a much more remarkable problem than a supposed question about the position of the eye. Scholars and editors generally presume that Wittgenstein has drawn a picture (to dispute it) of an eye inside its own visual field. But that cannot be his theme and he never in fact drew such an absurd depiction, as examination of his handwritten drafts clearly reveals.
Keywords: Tractatus logico-philosophicus, Prototractatus, cognitive map, logical tree, limits of language and world, solipsism, visual field.

  1. Bazzocchi 2006: Luciano Bazzocchi, About “die letzte Zusammenfassung”, in G. Gasser, C. Kanzian, E. Runggaldier (eds.), Cultures: Conflict-Analysis-Dialogue, Eigner Druck, Kirchberg am Wechsel 2006, pp. 36-38.
  2. Bazzocchi 2008: Luciano Bazzocchi, The date of Tractatus Beginning, in A. Hieke, H. Leitgeb (eds.), Reduction and Elimination in Philosophy and the Sciences, Eigner Druck, Kirchberg am Wechsel 2008, pp. 20-22
  3. Bazzocchi 2009: Luciano Bazzocchi, Il trascendentale nel Tractatus di Wittgenstein. Dalla critica della logica pura alla critica della logica pratica, «Studi Kantiani», XXII, 2009, pp. 131-141.
  4. Bazzocchi 2010a: Luciano Bazzocchi, The Prototractatus manuscript and its corrections, in Venturinha 2010, pp. 11-29.
  5. Bazzocchi 2010b: Luciano Bazzocchi, Dal Prototractatus al Tractatus logico-philosophicus. Analisi di una strategia top-down, «Rivista di storia della filosofia», 2010 (1), pp. 71-92.
  6. Bazzocchi 2010c: Luciano Bazzocchi, L’albero del Tractatus, Mimesis, Milano 2010
  7. Bazzocchi 2012: Luciano Bazzocchi, La forma del Tractatus e la falsa percezione di un disegno di Wittgenstein, «Paradigmi», 2012 (3), pp. 143-173
  8. Black 1964: Max Black, A companion to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus, Cambridge University Press, 1964; trad. it. Manuale per il Tractatus di Wittgenstein, Astrolabio, Roma 1967
  9. Borutti 2010: Silvana Borutti, Leggere il Tractatus logico-philosophicus di Wittgenstein, Ibis, Como-Pavia 2010
  10. Favrholdt 1964: David Favrholdt, An interpretation and critique of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus, Munksgaard, Copenhagen 1964
  11. Frascolla 2000: Pasquale Frascolla, Il Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus di Wittgenstein, Carocci, Roma 2000.
  12. Gadamer 2000: Hans-Georg Gadamer, Verità e metodo, Bompiani, Milano 2000
  13. Grigenti 2003: Fabio Grigenti, L’immagine del mondo e il senso della vita. Sul Tractatus di Wittgenstein, Il Poligrafo, Padova 2003
  14. Kenny 1973: Anthony Kenny, Wittgenstein, Blackwell, London 1973.
  15. Kremer 2004: Michael Kremer, To What Extent is Solipsism a Truth?, in Barry Stocker ed., Post-analytic Tractatus, Ashgate Publishing, Hants-Burlington 2004, pp. 59-82.
  16. Levin 1997: D.M. Levin, Sites of Vision: The Discursive Construction of Sight in the History of Philosophy, MIT Press, Cambridge (Massachusetts) 1997
  17. Marconi 1997: Diego Marconi, Wittgenstein, Laterza, Roma-Bari 1997
  18. McGuinness 1989: Brian F. McGuinness, Wittgenstein’s pre-Tractatus manuscripts, «Grazer Philosophische Studien», 33, 1989, pp. 33-47
  19. McGuinness 2002: Brian F. McGuinness, Wittgenstein’s 1916 Abhandlung, in H. Haller, K. Puhl (eds.), Wittgenstein and the Future of philosophy, Wien 2002, pp.272-282
  20. Monk 1990: Ray Monk Ludwig Wittgenstein. The duty of genius, Vintage, London 1990, trad. it. Ludwig Wittgenstein il dovere del genio, Bompiani, Milano 1991
  21. Morris 2008: Michael Morris, Wittgenstein and the Tractatus, Routledge, New York 2008
  22. Pears 1987: David Pears, The false prison, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1987
  23. Penco 2008: Carlo Penco, Wittgenstein, olismo e esperimenti mentali: l’influenza di Einstein, «Paradigmi», 2008 (2), pp. 155-170
  24. Stenius 1960: Erik Stenius, Wittgenstein’s Tractatus, Basil Blackwell, Oxford 1960
  25. Venturinha 2010: Nuno Venturinha (ed.), Wittgenstein after his Nachlass, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke-New York 2010.
  26. Voltolini 1994: Alberto Voltolini, Il mondo è davvero indipendente dalla mia volontà?, «Iride», 13, 1994, pp. 570-592
  27. Waismann 1975: Friedrich Waismann, Ludwig Wittgenstein e il Circolo di Vienna, La Nuova Italia, Firenze 1975
  28. Williams 1988: Bertrand Williams, Wittgenstein e l’idealismo, in M. Andronico, D. Marconi e C. Penco (a cura di), Capire Wittgenstein, Marietti, Genova 1988, pp. 275-296
  29. Wittgenstein 1969: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Briefe an Ludwig von Ficker, Otto Muller Verlag, Salzburg 1969; trad. it. Lettere a Ludwig von Ficker, Armando, Roma, 1974
  30. Wittgenstein 1971: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Prototractatus, B.F McGuinness, T.Nyberg, G.H. von Wright (eds.), Routledge & Kegan Paul, London 1971, 19962
  31. Wittgenstein 1973: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Letters to C.K. Ogden, Basil Blackwell, Oxford 1973.
  32. Wittgenstein 2009: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Lezioni di filosofia 1930-1933, Mimesis, Milano 2009.
  33. Wittgenstein 2010: Ludwig Wittgenstein, (The Ramsey Notes) On Time and Mathematics, in Venturinha 2010, pp. 176-181.

Luciano Bazzocchi, in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 2/2013, pp. 273-304, DOI:10.3280/SF2013-002004


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content