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Una concezione evoluzionistica della motivazione: implicazioni per il dialogo clinico (An evolutionary perspective on motivation: Implications for clinical dialogue.)
Titolo Rivista:  PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE
Autori/Curatori: Mauricio Cortina, Giovanni Liotti
Anno di pubblicazione: 2014 Fascicolo: 1 Lingua: Italiano
Numero pagine: 50 P. 23-72 Dimensione file: 647 KB
DOI: 10.3280/PU2014-001003
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più, clicca qui e qui


Viene proposta una tassonomia di sistemi motivazionali di base (rettiliano, mammifero e neo-mammifero) emersi in diverse fasi nel corso di milioni di anni. Queste fasi non si sono sostituite le une alle altre, ma si sono riorganizzate nel cervello a diversi livelli gerarchici. Viene argomentato che (1) l’uomo è una specie ultra-cooperativa e che (2) un alto livello di cooperazione imprime una forte pressione selettiva per lo sviluppo di sofisticate forme di comunicazione intersoggettiva. Questi due sviluppi hanno avuto effetti a cascata sull’evoluzione, creando sia le condizioni per cui gli esseri umani sono diventati capaci di comprendere le intenzioni, i comportamenti, le emozioni e quindi la mente altrui, sia l’emergere del linguaggio e di modalità simboliche di evoluzione culturale. Vengono descritti i passaggi che portarono a questa strategia di sopravvivenza ultra-cooperativa e i loro meccanismi genetici, con particolare attenzione a un modello selettivo a più livelli, e vengono discusse le implicazioni per la psicoterapia e la psicoanalisi.



Keywords: Motivazione, cooperazione, comunicazione intersoggettiva, selezione naturale a più livelli, psicoterapia


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