Clicca qui per scaricare

Il lutto del corpo come "roccia basilare" nel trattamento psicoanalitico di transessuali (Mourning the body as bedrock: Developmental considerations in treating transsexual patients analytically)
Titolo Rivista:  PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE
Autori/Curatori: Avgi Saketopoulou
Anno di pubblicazione: 2015 Fascicolo: 1 Lingua: Italiano
Numero pagine: 30 P. 7-36 Dimensione file: 346 KB
DOI: 10.3280/PU2015-001001
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più, clicca qui e qui


Viene introdotto il concetto di "trauma grave di genere", una sindrome che emerge dall’incontro tra il mancato riconoscimento di genere dei pazienti transessuali e l’esperienza angosciosa del corpo in cui si è nati. Negli ultimi anni, la consapevolezza degli psicoanalisti sulla complessità delle interazioni tra psiche, soma e cultura è progressivamente cresciuta, per cui i rischi psicologici del mancato riconoscimento di genere hanno suscitato un interesse sempre maggiore. Ma la disforia legata al corpo è spesso trascurata anche da quegli analisti che lavorano con l’esperienza di genere. Col resoconto della terapia di una bambina transessuale di cinque anni, nata con un corpo maschile, viene seguito il percorso evolutivo di un corpo non sufficientemente mentalizzato. Mettendo a fuoco le trasformazioni della fantasia inconscia, si mostra quanto per i pazienti transgender sia importante la rappresentazione mentale del dolore originato dal corpo, la quale è una delle condizioni necessarie per una sana transizione transessuale.



Keywords: Gender, mancato riconoscimento di genere, disforia rispetto al corpo, fantasia inconscia, transgender


  1. Edwards-Lepper L. & Spack N. (2013). Psychological evaluation and medical treatment of transgender youth in an interdisciplinary “Gender Management Service” (GeMS) in a major
  2. the William Alanson White Institute, New York, May 1, 2013.
  3. Quinodoz D. (1998). A fe/male transsexual patient in psychoanalysis. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 79: 95-111.
  4. Abell S. & Dauphin B. (2009). The perpetuation of patriarchy: The hidden factor of gender bias in the diagnosis and treatment of children. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 14, 1: 117-133., DOI:10.1177/1359104508096773
  5. Ambrosio G., editor (2006). Transvestism, Transsexualism in the Psychoanalytic Dimension (Atti della Conferenza Europea dell’International Psychoanalytic Association [IPA] Committee on Women and Psychoanalysis [COWAP] “Travestitismo, transessualismo, transgender nella dimensione psicoanalitica”, Catania, 17-18 giugno 2006). London: Karnac, 2009.
  6. Argentieri S. (2006). Travestitismo, transessualismo, transgender: identificazione e imitazione. Psicoanalisi, 10, 2: 55-92 (trad. inglese: Transvestism, transsexualism, transgender: Identification and imitation. In: Ambrosio, 2006, pp. 1-40).
  7. Abell S. & Dauphin B. (2009). The perpetuation of patriarchy: The hidden factor of gender bias in the diagnosis and treatment of children. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 14, 1: 117-133., DOI:10.1177/1359104508096773
  8. Riley E.A., Sitharthan G., Clemson L. & Diamond M. (2011a). The needs of gender-variant children and their parents according to mental health professionals. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13, 2: 54-63., DOI:10.1080/15532739.2011.622121
  9. Ehrensaft D. (2011b). Gender Born, Gender Made. New York: The Experiment.
  10. Ehrensaft D. (2012). When talking about children’s gender, words matter. The Huffington Post, March 1, 2012: www.huffingtonpost.com/diane-ehrensaft-phd/gender-nonconformingkids_b_1311204.html.
  11. Ambrosio G., editor (2006). Transvestism, Transsexualism in the Psychoanalytic Dimension (Atti della Conferenza Europea dell’International Psychoanalytic Association [IPA] Committee on Women and Psychoanalysis [COWAP] “Travestitismo, transessualismo, transgender nella dimensione psicoanalitica”, Catania, 17-18 giugno 2006). London: Karnac, 2009.
  12. Argentieri S. (2006). Travestitismo, transessualismo, transgender: identificazione e imitazione. Psicoanalisi, 10, 2: 55-92 (trad. inglese: Transvestism, transsexualism, transgender: Identification and imitation. In: Ambrosio, 2006, pp. 1-40).
  13. Balleur-van Rijn A., Steensma T.D. Kreukels, B.P. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2013). Selfperception in a clinical sample of gender variant children. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 18, 3: 464-474., DOI:10.1177/1359104512460621
  14. Benjamin H. (1977). The Transsexual Phenomenon. New York: Warner Books.
  15. Bion W.R. (1967). Second Thoughts: Selected Papers on Psychoanalysis. London: Heineman (trad. it.: Analisi degli schizofrenici e metodo psicoanalitico. Roma: Armando, 1970).
  16. Riley E.A., Sitharthan G., Clemson L. & Diamond M. (2011b). The needs of gender-variant children and their parents: A parent survey. International Journal of Sexual Health, 23, 3: 181-195., DOI:10.1080/19317611.2011.593932
  17. Roberts L.A., Rosario M., Corliss H.L., Koenen K.C. & Austin B. (2012). Childhood gender nonconformity: A risk for childhood abuse and posttraumatic stress in youth. Pediatrics, 129, 3: 410-418., DOI:10.1542/peds.2011-1804
  18. Bockting W.O., Miner M.H., Swinburne Romine R.E., Hamilton A. & Coleman E. (2013). Stigma, mental health, and resilience in an online sample of the US transgender population. American Journal of Public Health, 103, 5: 943-951., DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301241
  19. Saketopoulou A. (2011a). Minding the gap: Intersections between gender, race, and class in clinical work with gender variant children. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 21, 2: 192-209., DOI:10.1080/10481885.2011.562845
  20. Saketopoulou A. (2011b). Queer children, new objects: The place of futurity in Loewald’s thinking. DIVISION/Review (Division 39, American Psychological Association), January: www.apadivisions.org/division-39/publications/review/2011/01/gay-children.aspx.
  21. Borg M.B. (2011). Heist-ing the analyst’s penis (at gunpoint): Community enactment in the treatment of an FtM transgendered analysand. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13, 2: 77-90., DOI:10.1080/15532739.2011.623652
  22. Salamon G. (2010). Assuming a Body: Transgender and Rhetorics of Materiality. New York: Columbia University Press.
  23. Serano J. (2007). Whipping Girl: A Transsexual Woman on Sexism and the Scapegoating of Femininity. Emeryville, CA: Seal Press.
  24. Brill S. & Pepper S. (2008). The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals. San Francisco, CA: Cleis Press.
  25. Balleur-van Rijn A., Steensma T.D. Kreukels, B.P. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2013). Selfperception in a clinical sample of gender variant children. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 18, 3: 464-474., DOI:10.1177/1359104512460621
  26. Butler J. (1993). Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex.” New York: Routledge.
  27. Chasseguet-Smirgel J. (1985). Creativity and Perversion. New York: Free Association Books (trad. it.: Creatività e perversione. Milano: Raffaello Cortina, 1987).
  28. Cheng A.A. (2001). The Melancholy of Race: Psychoanalysis, Assimilation, and Hidden Grief. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  29. Benjamin H. (1977). The Transsexual Phenomenon. New York: Warner Books.
  30. Chiland C. (2000). The psychoanalyst and the transsexual patient. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 81, 1: 21-35., DOI:10.1516/0020757001599483
  31. Chiland C. (2006). Some thoughts on transsexualism, transvestism, transgender and identification. In: Ambrosio, 2006, pp. 41-54.
  32. Chodorow N.J. (1995). Multiplicities and uncertainties of gender: Commentary on Ruth Stein’s “Analysis of a case of transsexualism”. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 5, 2: 291-299., DOI:10.1080/10481889509539066
  33. Coates S. (1990). Ontogenesis of boyhood gender identity disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis & Dynamic Psychiatry, 18: 414-438.
  34. Bion W.R. (1967). Second Thoughts: Selected Papers on Psychoanalysis. London: Heineman (trad. it.: Analisi degli schizofrenici e metodo psicoanalitico. Roma: Armando, 1970).
  35. Serano J. (2013). Excluded: Making Feminist and Queer Movements Inclusive. Emeryville, CA: Seal Press.
  36. Bockting W.O., Miner M.H., Swinburne Romine R.E., Hamilton A. & Coleman E. (2013). Stigma, mental health, and resilience in an online sample of the US transgender population. American Journal of Public Health, 103, 5: 943-951., DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301241
  37. Borg M.B. (2011). Heist-ing the analyst’s penis (at gunpoint): Community enactment in the treatment of an FtM transgendered analysand. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13, 2: 77-90., DOI:10.1080/15532739.2011.623652
  38. Brill S. & Pepper S. (2008). The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals. San Francisco, CA: Cleis Press.
  39. Smith Y.L., van Goozen S.H., Kuiper A.J. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2005). Sex reassignment: Outcomes and predictors of treatment for adolescent and adult transsexuals. Psychological Medicine, 35, 1: 85-99., DOI:10.1017/S0033291704002776
  40. Butler J. (1993). Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex.” New York: Routledge.
  41. Socarides C.W. (1970). A psychoanalytic study of the desire for sexual transformation (“transsexualism”): The plaster-of-paris man. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 51: 341-349.
  42. Coates S. (2006). Developmental research on childhood gender identity disorder. In: Fonagy, Krause & Leuzinger-Bohleber, 2009, pp. 103-131.
  43. Coates S. & Moore M.S. (1998). The complexity of early trauma: Representation and transformation.
  44. In: di Ceglie D., editor, A Stranger in My Own Body: Atypical Gender Identity Development and Mental Health. London: Karnac Books, 1998, pp. 39-62.
  45. Cohen-Kettenis P.T., Owen A., Kaijser V.G., Bradley S.J. & Zucker K.J. (2003). Demographic characteristics, social competence, and behavior problems in children with gender identity disorder: A crossnational, cross-clinic comparative analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 1: 41-53., DOI:10.1023/A:1021769215342.
  46. Cohen-Kettenis P.T., Schagen S.E., Steensma T.D., de Vries A.L.C. & Delemarre-van de Waal H.A. (2011). Puberty suppression in a gender-dysphoric adolescent: A 22-year follow-up. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 4: 843-847.
  47. Spack N.P., Edwards-Leeper L., Feldman H.A., Leibowitz S., Mandel F., Diamond D.A. & Vance S.R. (2012). Children and adolescents with gender identity disorder referred to a pediatric medical center. Pediatrics, 129, 3: 418-425., DOI:10.1542/peds.2011-0907
  48. Steensma T.D., Biemond R., de Boer F. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2011). Desisting and persisting gender dysphoria after childhood: A qualitative follow-up study. Clinical Child Psychology
  49. & Psychiatry, 16, 4: 499-516., DOI:10.1177/1359104510378303
  50. Steensma T.D. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2011). Gender transitioning before puberty? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 4: 649-650., DOI:10.1007/s10508-011-9752-2
  51. Stein R. (1995). Analysis of a case of transsexualism. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 5: 257-289. Steiner J. (1992). The equilibrium between the paranoid-schizoid and the depressive positions. In: Anderson R., editor, Clinical Lectures on Klein and Bion. London: Routledge, 1992, pp. 46-58.
  52. Stoller R.J. (1985). Presentations of Gender. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  53. Stoller R.J. (1997). Splitting: A Case of Female Masculinity. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  54. Suchet M. (2011). Crossing over. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 21, 2: 172-191., DOI:10.1080/10481885.2011.562842
  55. Wallien M.S. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2008). Psychosexual outcome of gender-dysphoric children. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 12: 1413-1423., DOI:10.1097/CHI.0b013e31818956b9
  56. Winnicott D.W. (1951). Transitional objects and transitional phenomena: A study of the first not-me possession. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1953, 34, 2: 89-97. Anche in: Collected Papers. Through Pediatrics to Psychoanalysis. New York: Basic Books, 1958, pp. 229-242 (trad. it.: Oggetti transizionali e fenomeni transizionali. In: Dalla pediatria alla psicoanalisi. Scritti scelti. Firenze: Martinelli, 1975, cap. XVIII, pp. 275-290. Anche in: Playing and Reality. London: Tavistock, 1971; trad. it.: Gioco e realtà. Roma: Armando, 1974, cap. 1, pp. 23-60).
  57. Winnicott D.W. (1954). Metapsychological and clinical aspects of regression within the psycho-analytical set-up. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1955, 36: 16-26. Anche in: Collected Papers. Through Pediatrics to Psychoanalysis. New York: Basic Books, 1958, pp. 278-295 (trad. it.: Gli aspetti metapsicologici e clinici della regressione nell’ambito della situazione analitica. In: Dalla pediatria alla psicoanalisi. Scritti scelti. Firenze: Martinelli, 1975, cap. XXII, pp. 332-350). Anche in: Caldwell L. & Joyce A., editors, Reading Winnicott. London: Routledge, 2011, chapter 6 (trad. it.: Aspetti metapsicologici e clinici della regressione all’interno del setting psicoanalitico. In: Leggere Winnicott. Prefazione di Helen Taylor Robinson. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 2014).
  58. Winnicott D.W. (1960). Ego distortion in terms of true or false Self. In: The Maturational Process and the Facilitating Environment (1957-63). New York: International Universities Press, 1965, pp. 140-152 (trad. it.: Distorsioni dell’Io in termini di vero e falso Sé. In: Sviluppo affettivo e ambiente. Roma: Armando, 1970, pp. 177-193. Anche col titolo “Vero e falso Sé” in: Casonato M., a cura di, Psicologia Dinamica. 2: Dai pionieri della psicoanalisi alla scuola inglese. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1992, pp. 323-334).
  59. Wren B. (2000). Early physical intervention for young people with atypical gender identity development. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 5, 2: 220-231., DOI:10.1177/1359104500005002007
  60. Zucker K.J., Drummond K.D., Bradley S.J. & Peterson-Badali M. (2009). Troubled meditations on psychosexual differentiation: Reply to Hegarty. Developmental Psychology, 45, 4: 904-908., DOI:10.1037/a0016125
  61. Zucker K.J., Owen A., Bradley S.J. & Ameeriar L. (2002). Gender-dysphoric children and adolescents: A comparative analysis of demographic characteristics and behavioral problems. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 7, 3: 398-411., DOI:10.1177/1359104502007003007
  62. Zucker K.J., Wood H., Singh D. & Bradley S.J. (2013). A developmental, biopsychosocial model for the treatment of children with gender identity disorder. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 75-101.
  63. Corbett K. (2008). Gender now. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 18, 6: 838-856., DOI:10.1080/10481880802473381
  64. Corbett K. (2009). Boyhood femininity, gender identity disorder, masculine presuppositions, and the anxiety of regulation. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 19, 4: 353-370., DOI:10.1080/10481880903088484
  65. Corbett K. (2011a). Boyhoods: Rethinking Masculinities. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  66. Corbett K. (2011b). Gender regulation. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 80, 2: 441-459., DOI:10.1002/j.2167-4086.2011.tb00092.x
  67. Davenport C.W. (1986). A follow-up study of 10 feminine boys. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 15, 6: 511-517., DOI:10.1007/BF01542316
  68. Deutsch M.B. (2011). Use of the informed consent mode in the provision of cross-sex hormone therapy: A survey of the practices of selected clinics. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13: 140-146.
  69. de Vries A.L.C. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2013). Clinical management of gender dysphoria in children and adolescents: The Dutch approach. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 7-26.
  70. de Vries A.L.C., McGuire J.K., Steensma T.D., Wagenaar E.C.F., Doreleijers T.A.H. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2014). Young adult psychological outcome after puberty suppression and gender reassignment. Pediatrics, 134, 4: 696-704., DOI:10.1542/peds.2013-2958
  71. di Ceglie D. (2006). Between Scylla and Charybdis: Exploring atypical gender identity development in children and adolescents. In: Ambrosio, 2006, pp. 55-73.
  72. di Ceglie D. (2012). Response to Alessandra Lemma, APP Lecture “Research off the couch: Re-visiting the transsexual conundrum”. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, 26, 4: 290-293., DOI:10.1080/02668734.2012.743226
  73. Dimen M. & Goldner V., editors (2002). Gender in Psychoanalytic Space: Between Clinic and Culture. New York: Other Press (trad. it.: La decostruzione del genere. Teoria femminista, cultura postmoderna e clinica psicoanalitica. Milano: Il Saggiatore, 2006).
  74. Dimen M. & Goldner V. (2005). Gender and sexuality. In: Gabbard G.O., Cooper A.M., & Person E.S., editors, The American Psychiatric Association Publishing Textbook of Psychoanalysis. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2005, pp. 93-114 (trad. it.: Genere e sessualità. In: Psicoanalisi. Teoria, clinica, ricerca. Milano: Raffaello Cortina, 2005, pp. 149-186).
  75. Drescher J. & Byne W., editors (2013a). Treating Transgender Children and Adolescents: An Interdisciplinary Discussion. New York: Routledge.
  76. Drescher J. & Byne W. (2013b). Introduction: The treatment of gender dysphoric / gender variant children and adolescents. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 1-6.
  77. Drummond K.D., Bradley S.J., Peterson-Badali M. & Zucker K.J. (2008). A follow-up study with gender identity disorder. Developmental Psychology, 44, 1: 34-45., DOI:10.1037/0012-1649.44.1.34
  78. Edwards-Lepper L. & Spack N. (2013). Psychological evaluation and medical treatment of transgender youth in an interdisciplinary “Gender Management Service” (GeMS) in a major pediatric center. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 27-42. Ehrensaft D. (2009). One pill makes you boy, one pill makes you girl. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 6, 1: 12-24., DOI:10.1002/aps.185
  79. Ehrensaft D. (2011a). Boys will be girls, girls will be boys: Children affect parents as parents affect children in gender nonconformity. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 28, 4: 528-548., DOI:10.1037/a0023828
  80. Ehrensaft D. (2013a). From gender identity disorder to gender identity creativity: True gender self child therapy. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 43-62.
  81. Ehrensaft D. (2013b). “Look, Mom, I’m a boy – don’t tell anyone I was a girl”. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10, 1/2: 9-28., DOI:10.1080/19361653.2012.717474
  82. Ettner R., Monstrey S. & Eyler A.E., editors (2013). Principles of Transgender Medicine and Surgery. Binghampton, NY: Haworth Press.
  83. Fonagy P., Krause R. & Leuzinger-Bohleber M., editors (2009). Identity, Gender, and Sexuality: 150 Years after Freud. London: Karnac Books.
  84. Freud S. (1937). Analisi terminabile e interminabile. Opere, 11: 497-535. Torino: Boringhieri, 1979. Ediz. orig. tedesca: Die endliche und die unendliche Analyse. Gesammelte Werke, XVI: 59-99. Ediz. inglese: Analysis terminable and interminabile. Standard Edition, XXIII: 216-253.
  85. Gelé K., McNamara S., Phillips S.H., Shelley R.D., Grossman G., Vaughan S.C. & Roughton R. (2012). Emerging views on gender and sexuality: Celebrating twenty years of new perspectives on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 60, 5: 949-967., DOI:10.1177/0003065112459956
  86. Goldner V. (2011). Trans: Gender in free fall. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 21, 2: 159-158., DOI:10.1080/10481885.2011.562836
  87. Gomez-Gil E., Vidal-Hagemeijer A. & Salamero M. (2008). MMPI-2 characteristics of transsexuals requesting sex reassignment: Comparison of patients in pre-hormonal and presurgical phases. Journal of Personality Assessment, 90, 4: 368-374., DOI:10.1080/00223890802108022
  88. Green R. (1987). The “Sissy Boy Syndrome” and the Development of Homosexuality. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  89. Guralnik O. & Simeon D. (2010). Depersonalization: Standing in the spaces between recognition and interpellation. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 20, 4: 400-416., DOI:10.1080/10481885.2010.502501
  90. Halberstam J. (2005). In a Queer Time and Place: Transgender Bodies, Subcultural Lives. New York: New York University Press.
  91. Hansbury G. (2005). Mourning the loss of the idealized self: A transsexual passage. Psychoanalytic Social Work, 12, 1: 19-36., DOI:10.1300/J032v12n01_03
  92. Hansbury G. (2011). King Kong and Goldilocks: Imagining transmasculinities through the trans-trans dyad. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 21, 2: 210-220., DOI:10.1080/10481885.2011.562846
  93. Hansbury G. (2013). “The masculine vaginal: Working with queer men’s embodiment on the transgender edge”. Paper presented at Annual Colloquium, Manhattan Institute for Psychoanalysis (MIP), New York, October 25, 2013.
  94. Harris A. (2005). Gender in linear and nonlinear history. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 53, 4: 1079-1095.
  95. Harris A. (2009). Gender as Soft Assembly. New York: Routledge.
  96. Hembree W.C., Cohen-Kettenis P.T., Delemarre-van de Waal H.A, Gooren L.J., Meyer W.J., Spack N.P., Tangpricha V. & Montori V.M. (2009). Endocrine treatment of transsexual persons: An Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 94, 9: 3132-3154., DOI:10.1210/jc.2009-0345
  97. Hill D.B. & Menvielle E. (2009). “You have to give them a place where they feel protected and safe and loved”: The views of parents who have gender-variant children and adolescents. Journal of LGBT Youth, 6, 2/3: 243-271., DOI:10.1080/19361650903013527
  98. Krystal H. (1978). Trauma and affect. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 33: 81-116.
  99. Krystal H. (1985). Trauma and the stimulus barrier. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 5, 1: 131-161., DOI:10.1080/07351698509533579
  100. Kubie L.S. (1954). The drive to become both sexes. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 1974, 43: 349-426 (ristampa: 2011, 80, 2: 369-439., DOI:10.1002/j.2167-4086.2011.tb00091.x)
  101. Langer S.J. (2012). “Our body project: From mourning to making the transgender body”. Paper presented at the Third Annual Trans Symposium, Institute for Contemporary Psychoanalysis (ICP), New York, February 26, 2012.
  102. Lemma A. (2012). Research off the couch: Re-visiting the transsexual conundrum. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, 26, 4: 263-281., DOI:10.1080/02668734.2012.732104
  103. Lemma A. (2013). The body one has and the body one is: Understanding the transsexual’s need
  104. to be seen. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 94, 2: 277-292., DOI:10.1111/j.17458315.2012.00663.x
  105. Lev A.I. (2004). Transgender Emergence: Therapeutic Guidelines for Working with Gender-Variant People and Their Families. Binghampton, NY: Haworth Press.
  106. Limentani A. (1979). The significance of transsexualism in relation to some basic psychoanalytic concepts. International Review of Psychoanalysis, 6: 139-153.
  107. Marcus B.F. & McNamara S. (2013). “Strange and otherwise unaccountable actions”: Category, conundrum, and trans identities. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 61, 1: 45-66., DOI:10.1177/0003065112468489
  108. Meadow T. (2014). “Being a gender: A new conceptual framework”. Lecture given at Princeton University, April 2, 2014.
  109. Menvielle E. (2013). A comprehensive program for children with gender variant behaviors and gender identity disorders. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 63-74.
  110. Meyer W.J. (2012). Gender identity disorder: An emerging problem for pediatricians. Pediatrics, 129, 3: 571-573., DOI:10.1542/peds.2011-3696
  111. Oppenheimer A. (1991). The wish for a sex change: A challenge to psychoanalysis? International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 72: 221-231.
  112. Oppenheimer A. (1992). The wish for a sex change. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 73: 582.
  113. Ousterhout D.K. (2009). Facial Feminization Surgery: A Guide for the Transgendered Woman. Omaha, NE: Addicus Books.
  114. Person E. & Ovesey L. (1978). Trasvestism: New perspectives. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 6: 301-323.
  115. Pfäfflin F. (2006). Research, research politics, and clinical experience with transsexual patients. In: Fonagy, Krause & Leuzinger-Bohleber, 2009, pp. 139-156.
  116. Pula J. (2011). “When a candidate or analysand identifies as transgender: Impacts for the individual and the institution”. Paper presented to the American Psychoanalytic Association,
  117. New York, January 15, 2011. Pula J. (2013). “Polymorphously perverse candidates, how we fit and conflict with modern psychoanalytic training: Early personal reflections of a transgender doctor”. Paper presented at the William Alanson White Institute, New York, May 1, 2013.
  118. Quinodoz D. (1998). A fe/male transsexual patient in psychoanalysis. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 79: 95-111.
  119. Chasseguet-Smirgel J. (1985). Creativity and Perversion. New York: Free Association Books (trad. it.: Creatività e perversione. Milano: Raffaello Cortina, 1987).
  120. Quinodoz D. (2002). Termination of a fe/male transsexual patient’s analysis: An example of general validity. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 83, 4: 783-798., DOI:10.1516/7ULG-83LG-PC08-DNTX
  121. Ramachandran V.S. & McGeoch P.D. (2008). Phantom penises in transsexuals: Evidence of an innate gender-specific body image in the brain. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 15, 1: 5-16.
  122. Cheng A.A. (2001). The Melancholy of Race: Psychoanalysis, Assimilation, and Hidden Grief. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  123. Chiland C. (2000). The psychoanalyst and the transsexual patient. International Journal of Psychoanalysis,
  124. 81, 1: 21-35., DOI:10.1516/0020757001599483
  125. Chiland C. (2006). Some thoughts on transsexualism, transvestism, transgender and identification. In: Ambrosio, 2006, pp. 41-54.
  126. Chodorow N.J. (1995). Multiplicities and uncertainties of gender: Commentary on Ruth Stein’s “Analysis of a case of transsexualism”. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 5, 2: 291-299., DOI:10.1080/10481889509539066
  127. Coates S. (1990). Ontogenesis of boyhood gender identity disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis & Dynamic Psychiatry, 18: 414-438.
  128. Coates S. (2006). Developmental research on childhood gender identity disorder. In: Fonagy, Krause & Leuzinger-Bohleber, 2009, pp. 103-131.
  129. Coates S. & Moore M.S. (1998). The complexity of early trauma: Representation and transformation. In: di Ceglie D., editor, A Stranger in My Own Body: Atypical Gender Identity Development and Mental Health. London: Karnac Books, 1998, pp. 39-62.
  130. Cohen-Kettenis P.T., Owen A., Kaijser V.G., Bradley S.J. & Zucker K.J. (2003). Demographic characteristics, social competence, and behavior problems in children with gender identity disorder: A crossnational, cross-clinic comparative analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child
  131. Psychology, 31, 1: 41-53., DOI:10.1023/A:1021769215342.Cohen-KettenisP.T.,SchagenS.E.,SteensmaT.D.,deVriesA.L.C.&Delemarre-vandeWaalH.A.(2011).Pubertysuppressioninagender-dysphoricadolescent:A22-yearfollow-up
  132. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 4: 843-847.
  133. Corbett K. (1996). Homosexual boyhood: Notes on girlyboys. Gender & Psychoanalysis, 1: 429-461.
  134. Corbett K. (2008). Gender now. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 18, 6: 838-856., DOI:10.1080/10481880802473381
  135. Corbett K. (2009). Boyhood femininity, gender identity disorder, masculine presuppositions, and the anxiety of regulation. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 19, 4: 353-370., DOI:10.1080/10481880903088484
  136. Corbett K. (2011a). Boyhoods: Rethinking Masculinities. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  137. Corbett K. (2011b). Gender regulation. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 80, 2: 441-459., DOI:10.1002/j.2167-4086.2011.tb00092.x
  138. Davenport C.W. (1986). A follow-up study of 10 feminine boys. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 15, 6: 511-517., DOI:10.1007/BF01542316
  139. Deutsch M.B. (2011). Use of the informed consent mode in the provision of cross-sex hormone therapy: A survey of the practices of selected clinics. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13: 140-146.
  140. de Vries A.L.C. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2013). Clinical management of gender dysphoria in children and adolescents: The Dutch approach. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 7-26.
  141. de Vries A.L.C., McGuire J.K., Steensma T.D., Wagenaar E.C.F., Doreleijers T.A.H. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2014). Young adult psychological outcome after puberty suppression and gender reassignment. Pediatrics, 134, 4: 696-704., DOI:10.1542/peds.2013-2958
  142. di Ceglie D. (2006). Between Scylla and Charybdis: Exploring atypical gender identity development in children and adolescents. In: Ambrosio, 2006, pp. 55-73.
  143. di Ceglie D. (2012). Response to Alessandra Lemma, APP Lecture “Research off the couch: Re-visiting the transsexual conundrum”. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, 26, 4: 290-293., DOI:10.1080/02668734.2012.743226
  144. Dimen M. & Goldner V., editors (2002). Gender in Psychoanalytic Space: Between Clinic and Culture. New York: Other Press (trad. it.: La decostruzione del genere. Teoria femminista, cultura postmoderna e clinica psicoanalitica. Milano: Il Saggiatore, 2006).
  145. Dimen M. & Goldner V. (2005). Gender and sexuality. In: Gabbard G.O., Cooper A.M., & Person E.S., editors, The American Psychiatric Association Publishing Textbook of Psychoanalysis. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2005, pp. 93-114 (trad. it.:
  146. Genere e sessualità. In: Psicoanalisi. Teoria, clinica, ricerca. Milano: Raffaello Cortina, 2005, pp. 149-186).
  147. Drescher J. & Byne W., editors (2013a). Treating Transgender Children and Adolescents: An Interdisciplinary Discussion. New York: Routledge.
  148. Drescher J. & Byne W. (2013b). Introduction: The treatment of gender dysphoric / gender variant children and adolescents. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 1-6.
  149. Drummond K.D., Bradley S.J., Peterson-Badali M. & Zucker K.J. (2008). A follow-up study with gender identity disorder. Developmental Psychology, 44, 1: 34-45., DOI:10.1037/0012-1649.44.1.34
  150. pediatric center. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 27-42. Ehrensaft D. (2009). One pill makes you boy, one pill makes you girl. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 6, 1: 12-24., DOI:10.1002/aps.185
  151. Ehrensaft D. (2011a). Boys will be girls, girls will be boys: Children affect parents as parents affect children in gender nonconformity. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 28, 4: 528-548., DOI:10.1037/a0023828
  152. Ehrensaft D. (2011b). Gender Born, Gender Made. New York: The Experiment.
  153. Ehrensaft D. (2012). When talking about children’s gender, words matter. The Huffington Post, March 1, 2012: www.huffingtonpost.com/diane-ehrensaft-phd/gender-nonconformingkids_b_1311204.html.
  154. Ehrensaft D. (2013a). From gender identity disorder to gender identity creativity: True gender self child therapy. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 43-62.
  155. Ehrensaft D. (2013b). “Look, Mom, I’m a boy – don’t tell anyone I was a girl”. Journal of LGBT Youth, 10, 1/2: 9-28., DOI:10.1080/19361653.2012.717474
  156. Ettner R., Monstrey S. & Eyler A.E., editors (2013). Principles of Transgender Medicine and Surgery. Binghampton, NY: Haworth Press.
  157. Fonagy P., Krause R. & Leuzinger-Bohleber M., editors (2009). Identity, Gender, and Sexuality: 150 Years after Freud. London: Karnac Books.
  158. Freud S. (1937). Analisi terminabile e interminabile. Opere, 11: 497-535. Torino: Boringhieri, 1979. Ediz. orig. tedesca: Die endliche und die unendliche Analyse. Gesammelte Werke, XVI: 59-99. Ediz. inglese: Analysis terminable and interminabile. Standard Edition, XXIII: 216-253.
  159. Gelé K., McNamara S., Phillips S.H., Shelley R.D., Grossman G., Vaughan S.C. & Roughton R. (2012). Emerging views on gender and sexuality: Celebrating twenty years of new perspectives on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 60, 5: 949-967., DOI:10.1177/0003065112459956
  160. Goldner V. (2011). Trans: Gender in free fall. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 21, 2: 159-158., DOI:10.1080/10481885.2011.562836
  161. Gomez-Gil E., Vidal-Hagemeijer A. & Salamero M. (2008). MMPI-2 characteristics of transsexuals requesting sex reassignment: Comparison of patients in pre-hormonal and presurgical phases. Journal of Personality Assessment, 90, 4: 368-374., DOI:10.1080/00223890802108022
  162. Green R. (1987). The “Sissy Boy Syndrome” and the Development of Homosexuality. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  163. Guralnik O. & Simeon D. (2010). Depersonalization: Standing in the spaces between recognition and interpellation. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 20, 4: 400-416., DOI:10.1080/10481885.2010.502501
  164. Halberstam J. (2005). In a Queer Time and Place: Transgender Bodies, Subcultural Lives. New York: New York University Press.
  165. Hansbury G. (2005). Mourning the loss of the idealized self: A transsexual passage. Psychoanalytic Social Work, 12, 1: 19-36., DOI:10.1300/J032v12n01_03
  166. Hansbury G. (2011). King Kong and Goldilocks: Imagining transmasculinities through the trans-trans dyad. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 21, 2: 210-220., DOI:10.1080/10481885.2011.562846
  167. Hansbury G. (2013). “The masculine vaginal: Working with queer men’s embodiment on the transgender edge”. Paper presented at Annual Colloquium, Manhattan Institute for Psychoanalysis (MIP), New York, October 25, 2013.
  168. Harris A. (2005). Gender in linear and nonlinear history. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 53, 4: 1079-1095 Harris A. (2009). Gender as Soft Assembly. New York: Routledge.
  169. Hembree W.C., Cohen-Kettenis P.T., Delemarre-van de Waal H.A, Gooren L.J., Meyer W.J., Spack N.P., Tangpricha V. & Montori V.M. (2009). Endocrine treatment of transsexual persons: An Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 94, 9: 3132-3154., DOI:10.1210/jc.2009-0345
  170. Hill D.B. & Menvielle E. (2009). “You have to give them a place where they feel protected and safe and loved”: The views of parents who have gender-variant children and adolescents. Journal of LGBT Youth, 6, 2/3: 243-271., DOI:10.1080/19361650903013527
  171. Krystal H. (1978). Trauma and affect. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 33: 81-116.
  172. Krystal H. (1985). Trauma and the stimulus barrier. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 5, 1: 131-161., DOI:10.1080/07351698509533579
  173. Kubie L.S. (1954). The drive to become both sexes. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 1974, 43: 349-426 (ristampa: 2011, 80, 2: 369-439., DOI:10.1002/j.2167-4086.2011.tb00091.x)
  174. Langer S.J. (2012). “Our body project: From mourning to making the transgender body”. Paper presented at the Third Annual Trans Symposium, Institute for Contemporary Psychoanalysis (ICP), New York, February 26, 2012.
  175. Lemma A. (2012). Research off the couch: Re-visiting the transsexual conundrum. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, 26, 4: 263-281., DOI:10.1080/02668734.2012.732104
  176. Lemma A. (2013). The body one has and the body one is: Understanding the transsexual’s need to be seen. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 94, 2: 277-292., DOI:10.1111/j.1745-8315.2012.00663.x
  177. Lev A.I. (2004). Transgender Emergence: Therapeutic Guidelines for Working with Gender-Variant People and Their Families. Binghampton, NY: Haworth Press.
  178. Limentani A. (1979). The significance of transsexualism in relation to some basic psychoanalytic concepts. International Review of Psychoanalysis, 6: 139-153.
  179. Marcus B.F. & McNamara S. (2013). “Strange and otherwise unaccountable actions”: Category, conundrum, and trans identities. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 61, 1: 45-66., DOI:10.1177/0003065112468489
  180. Meadow T. (2014). “Being a gender: A new conceptual framework”. Lecture given at Princeton University, April 2, 2014.
  181. Menvielle E. (2013). A comprehensive program for children with gender variant behaviors and gender identity disorders. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 63-74.
  182. Meyer W.J. (2012). Gender identity disorder: An emerging problem for pediatricians. Pediatrics, 129, 3: 571-573., DOI:10.1542/peds.2011-3696
  183. Oppenheimer A. (1991). The wish for a sex change: A challenge to psychoanalysis? International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 72: 221-231.
  184. Oppenheimer A. (1992). The wish for a sex change. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 73: 582.
  185. Ousterhout D.K. (2009). Facial Feminization Surgery: A Guide for the Transgendered Woman. Omaha, NE: Addicus Books.
  186. Person E. & Ovesey L. (1978). Trasvestism: New perspectives. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 6: 301-323.
  187. Pfäfflin F. (2006). Research, research politics, and clinical experience with transsexual patients. In: Fonagy, Krause & Leuzinger-Bohleber, 2009, pp. 139-156.
  188. Pula J. (2011). “When a candidate or analysand identifies as transgender: Impacts for the individual and the institution”. Paper presented to the American Psychoanalytic Association,
  189. New York, January 15, 2011. Pula J. (2013). “Polymorphously perverse candidates, how we fit and conflict with modern psychoanalytic training: Early personal reflections of a transgender doctor”. Paper presented at
  190. Quinodoz D. (2002). Termination of a fe/male transsexual patient’s analysis: An example of general validity. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 83, 4: 783-798., DOI:10.1516/7ULG-83LG-PC08-DNTX
  191. Ramachandran V.S. & McGeoch P.D. (2008). Phantom penises in transsexuals: Evidence of an innate gender-specific body image in the brain. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 15, 1: 5-16.
  192. Riley E.A., Sitharthan G., Clemson L. & Diamond M. (2011a). The needs of gender-variant
  193. children and their parents according to mental health professionals. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13, 2: 54-63., DOI:10.1080/15532739.2011.622121
  194. Riley E.A., Sitharthan G., Clemson L. & Diamond M. (2011b). The needs of gender-variant children and their parents: A parent survey. International Journal of Sexual Health, 23, 3: 181-195., DOI:10.1080/19317611.2011.593932
  195. Roberts L.A., Rosario M., Corliss H.L., Koenen K.C. & Austin B. (2012). Childhood gender nonconformity: A risk for childhood abuse and posttraumatic stress in youth. Pediatrics, 129, 3: 410-418., DOI:10.1542/peds.2011-1804
  196. Saketopoulou A. (2011a). Minding the gap: Intersections between gender, race, and class in clinical work with gender variant children. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 21, 2: 192-209., DOI:10.1080/10481885.2011.562845
  197. Saketopoulou A. (2011b). Queer children, new objects: The place of futurity in Loewald’s thinking. DIVISION/Review (Division 39, American Psychological Association), January: www.apadivisions.org/division-39/publications/review/2011/01/gay-children.aspx.
  198. Salamon G. (2010). Assuming a Body: Transgender and Rhetorics of Materiality. New York: Columbia University Press.
  199. Serano J. (2007). Whipping Girl: A Transsexual Woman on Sexism and the Scapegoating of Femininity. Emeryville, CA: Seal Press.
  200. Serano J. (2013). Excluded: Making Feminist and Queer Movements Inclusive. Emeryville, CA: Seal Press.
  201. Smith Y.L., van Goozen S.H., Kuiper A.J. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2005). Sex reassignment: Outcomes and predictors of treatment for adolescent and adult transsexuals. Psychological Medicine, 35, 1: 85-99., DOI:10.1017/S0033291704002776
  202. Socarides C.W. (1970). A psychoanalytic study of the desire for sexual transformation (“transsexualism”): The plaster-of-paris man. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 51: 341-349.
  203. Spack N.P., Edwards-Leeper L., Feldman H.A., Leibowitz S., Mandel F., Diamond D.A. & Vance S.R. (2012). Children and adolescents with gender identity disorder referred to a pediatric medical center. Pediatrics, 129, 3: 418-425., DOI:10.1542/peds.2011-0907
  204. Steensma T.D., Biemond R., de Boer F. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2011). Desisting and persisting gender dysphoria after childhood: A qualitative follow-up study. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 16, 4: 499-516., DOI:10.1177/1359104510378303
  205. Steensma T.D. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2011). Gender transitioning before puberty? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 4: 649-650., DOI:10.1007/s10508-011-9752-2
  206. Stein R. (1995). Analysis of a case of transsexualism. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 5: 257-289. Steiner J. (1992). The equilibrium between the paranoid-schizoid and the depressive positions.
  207. In: Anderson R., editor, Clinical Lectures on Klein and Bion. London: Routledge, 1992, pp. 46-58.
  208. Stoller R.J. (1985). Presentations of Gender. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  209. Stoller R.J. (1997). Splitting: A Case of Female Masculinity. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  210. Suchet M. (2011). Crossing over. Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 21, 2: 172-191., DOI:10.1080/10481885.2011.562842
  211. Wallien M.S. & Cohen-Kettenis P.T. (2008). Psychosexual outcome of gender-dysphoric children. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 12: 1413-1423., DOI:10.1097/CHI.0b013e31818956b9
  212. Winnicott D.W. (1951). Transitional objects and transitional phenomena: A study of the first not-me possession. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1953, 34, 2: 89-97. Anche in: Collected Papers. Through Pediatrics to Psychoanalysis. New York: Basic Books, 1958,
  213. pp. 229-242 (trad. it.: Oggetti transizionali e fenomeni transizionali. In: Dalla pediatria alla psicoanalisi. Scritti scelti. Firenze: Martinelli, 1975, cap. XVIII, pp. 275-290. Anche in: Playing and Reality. London: Tavistock, 1971; trad. it.: Gioco e realtà. Roma: Armando, 1974, cap. 1, pp. 23-60).
  214. Winnicott D.W. (1954). Metapsychological and clinical aspects of regression within the psycho-analytical set-up. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 1955, 36: 16-26. Anche in: Collected Papers. Through Pediatrics to Psychoanalysis. New York: Basic Books, 1958,
  215. pp. 278-295 (trad. it.: Gli aspetti metapsicologici e clinici della regressione nell’ambito della situazione analitica. In: Dalla pediatria alla psicoanalisi. Scritti scelti. Firenze: Martinelli, 1975, cap. XXII, pp. 332-350). Anche in: Caldwell L. & Joyce A., editors, Reading Winnicott. London: Routledge, 2011, chapter 6 (trad. it.: Aspetti metapsicologici e clinici della regressione all’interno del setting psicoanalitico. In: Leggere Winnicott. Prefazione di Helen Taylor Robinson. Milano: FrancoAngeli, 2014).
  216. Winnicott D.W. (1960). Ego distortion in terms of true or false Self. In: The Maturational Process and the Facilitating Environment (1957-63). New York: International Universities Press, 1965, pp. 140-152 (trad. it.: Distorsioni dell’Io in termini di vero e falso Sé. In: Sviluppo affettivo e ambiente. Roma: Armando, 1970, pp. 177-193. Anche col titolo “Vero e falso Sé” in: Casonato M., a cura di, Psicologia Dinamica. 2: Dai pionieri della psicoanalisi alla scuola inglese. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1992, pp. 323-334).
  217. Wren B. (2000). Early physical intervention for young people with atypical gender identity development. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 5, 2: 220-231., DOI:10.1177/1359104500005002007
  218. Zucker K.J., Drummond K.D., Bradley S.J. & Peterson-Badali M. (2009). Troubled meditations on psychosexual differentiation: Reply to Hegarty. Developmental Psychology, 45, 4: 904-908., DOI:10.1037/a0016125
  219. Zucker K.J., Owen A., Bradley S.J. & Ameeriar L. (2002). Gender-dysphoric children and adolescents: A comparative analysis of demographic characteristics and behavioral problems. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 7, 3: 398-411., DOI:10.1177/1359104502007003007
  220. Zucker K.J., Wood H., Singh D. & Bradley S.J. (2013). A developmental, biopsychosocial model for the treatment of children with gender identity disorder. In: Drescher & Byne, 2013a, pp. 75-101.
Avgi Saketopoulou, Il lutto del corpo come "roccia basilare" nel trattamento psicoanalitico di transessuali in "PSICOTERAPIA E SCIENZE UMANE" 1/2015, pp. 7-36, DOI:10.3280/PU2015-001001

     


FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche
Acquista qui

Informazioni sulla rivista

Sottoscrivi il FEED
per conoscere subito
i contenuti dell'ultimo fascicolo di questa Rivista

English Version

Download credit

Pubblicità